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Referencing or the reference page is said to be as the last page of the assignment that helps the reader to know about the sources from where you have taken the help for writing your assignments. It also ensures the credibility and the correctness of your assignment. In order to put the references to the paper, you can use a number of styles. One such style is the Deakin style. It is the referencing style which is used by the students of Deakin University. If you are also one of them and is facing any difficulty in putting the references to your work, then this guide on Deakin Referencing can provide to be helpful to you.
The reference at the end of your assignment enables you to acknowledge and provide credit to the author whose ideas you have used to prepare your assignment. Therefore, it is important to provide these references in the most correct way. Following format can be used to provide the reference and citations to the paper in case of Deakin Reference Style.
It may happen that you will find the most important and relevant content in the books. While writing your paper, it is also important to provide a reference for these books also. The following format can be used to put the reference of a book in Harvard Deakin Style.
Rule: Author’s last name, Author’s first name, Initial year, Title of the book, Edition of the Volume of the Book, Publisher, city.
Reference: Karmaina, K 2019, The Economy of the Nation, vol. 6, Intellect Books, Bristol, UK.
Citation: (Karmaina, 2019, p. 5)
Reference: GALEN, O 2001, The International Economic System, Quarterly Reviews, Australia.
Citation: (GALEN, 2001, pp. 12- 27)
Note: Use word p. for single page
Use word pp. for a range of pages
Reference: The Commission for Human Rights and Systems 2005, Bringing back the home: Report on the Economic Nation, HREOD, Sydney.
Citation: (The Commission for Human Rights and Systems, 2005, p. 52)
Reference: The manual for the best-written communications 2003, 3rd edn, rev. Deeks & Miley., Joun Smith & Stonis, Milton, Qld.
Note: edn. Stands for edition
‘ rev. ‘stands for revision
Reference: Ostal, L and Linkin, P 2007, Making the Best out of You, 2nd edn, Oxford University, South Melbourne, Vic.
Citation: (Ostal, and Linkin, 2007, p. 21)
Reference: Merild, P., Polin, K, Porter, O and Referl, P 2016, Expanding the Arches, 4th edn. Oxford International Press, Vic.
Citation: (Merild, et al., 2016, p. 50)
Note: In case of more than three authors, use the word et al after the name of the first author. The word et al. means “all others”.
References: Watts, P 2013, ‘Team and its Performance in the multinational Organisation (eds)’, Teachings in the modern world, Edward Elwin, Cheltanium, UK.
Citation: (Watts, 2013, pp. 12- 15)
Reference: Bellam, R 2016, The Best Revenge, Oxford University Press, retrieved 05-02-2020, < https://www.bristol.ac.uk/>.
Note: In case of the online books, it is important to use the URL with the reference, Use the word retrieved, followed by the date to add the link to the reference.
Citation: (Bellam, 2016, p. 62)
Reference: Miller, P 2009, The Words of Encyclopedia, 4th edn, retrieved 05-02-2020, < https://www.bristol.ac.uk/>.
Citation: (Miller, 2009, pp. 29- 32)
There are a number of Periodicals and the Journal articles that can also be used as the source for writing the assignments. To use these in your assignment it is also important to provide a proper citation to these. The following format or the structure can be used to add the references to the assignment.
Rule: last name of the author, first name of the author, ‘Title of the Journal Article’ volume number, issue number, the page number of the page range.
References: Sprinkle, P 2019, ‘The Best management Practices for SMSE’s in Australia’, Management Standards, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 1- 10.
Citation: (Sprinkle, 2019, p. 5)
Reference: Miller, P 2008, ‘The influence of the global metered system and the auction systems’, Journal of Masses, retrieved 05-02-2020, < https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/feb/04/bristol-declares-ecological-emergency-over-loss-of-wildlife>.
Citation: (Miller, 2008, pp. 22- 26)
Reference: Villen, P 2019, ‘The mother of the Nation’, The Age, 12 April, Business Day, p. 13.
Citation: (Villen, 2019, p. 16- 20)
Reference: Colentin 2013, The rise of the masters, Cloudin, 2 May 2013, retrieved 05-02-2020, < https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/feb/04/bristol-declares-ecological-emergency-over-loss-of-wildlife>.
Citation: (Colentin, 2013, pp. 13- 20)
While using the images in the assignment, it is also important to add the sources of those references in the reference list. The following structure and the format can be used to add the sources of the images in the reference list.
Rule: Last name of the author, first name of the author, year, Title of the image, page number.
References: Balkin, A 2013, The Old Age and the Houses, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Citation: (Balkin, 2013)
Rule: Last name of the author, first name of the author, year, ‘Title of the post; Title of the blog, date of the post, retrieved date <URL>.
Reference: Harrison, K 2015, ‘injecting the best actions for the growth of the nation’, The Speaking tree, weblog post, 3 November, retrieved 05-02-2020, < https://www.thenationalcouncil.org/ceos-corner-office/2018/03/safe-injection-sites-good-idea-bad-idea/>.
Citation: (Harrison, 2015, p. 5)
Rule: Title of the film or the video, year, medium, producer, publisher, retrieved date, <URL>
Reference: Ajeng, K 2012, ‘The power of the Nation, YouTube, Haris Fire, 16 January, retrieved 05-02-2020, < https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i18z1EQCoyg>
Citation: (Ajeng, 2012)
This part will provide you with help for referencing the sources in the Deakin APA style. The format and structure for different sources are as follows:
The style that should be followed while putting the references to the assignment in APA style for books is as follows:
Rule: First name of the author, last name of the author (year of publication). Title of the book, Edition of the Volume of the Book, Publisher, city.
Reference: Hunad, L. (2016). The Management Principles 5th edn, vol. 5. Intellect Books, UK. Citation: (Hunad, 2016, p. 12)
Reference: Friedman, L.D. (2012). The personality of the humans (4th edition). Boston publishing House: NJ.
Citation: (Friedman, 2012, pp. 12- 25)
Note: Use word p. for single page
Use word pp. for range of pages
Reference: Sanaunt, K and Kint, P. (2009), The Economy of the Nation, vol. 6, Intellect Books, Bristol, UK.
Citation: (Sanaunt and Kint, 2009, pp. 12-19)
Reference: Vaster, P., Miller, K., Elluis, S., & Louis, L. (2014). Childs psychology (5th edn). Hoooken, NJ: John Smith & Sons.
Citations: (Vaster, et al., 2014, pp. 2- 10)
Note: edn. Stands for edition
In case of more than three authors, use the word et al after the name of the first author. The word et al. means “all others”.
Reference: The manual of the Human Psychology (4th edn.). (2012). Bosting: Washington DC
Citation: (The manual of the Human Psychology, 2012, pp. 2- 10)
Reference: Jones, S. (n.d.). The human capital. New York: Mertz.
Citation: (Jones, n.d., p. 6)
Reference: Mersih, L.D., & Holt, T. (2013). Salving the main jealousy factor. In L.L. Perdit (Ed.), The Basics of the Human Resource Management (pp. 17- 20).
Citation: (Mersih & Holt, 2013, pp. 18- 20)
Note: The word (Ed.) is used for referencing the edited books.
Reference: Alder-Tailer, P. (2000). The Best Management Practices. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezWiUTXB11A
Citation: (Alder-Tailer, 2000, pp. 12- 15)
Note: To add the URL to the reference list, use the word ‘Retrieved from’.
Date is not required
Do not add full stop at the end of the URL or the DOI
Reference: Dimin, P., & Jimin, P. (2013). The motivation and Learning. In L.P. Tulin (Ed), Encyclopedia of the Management Practices (pp. 45- 49). doi: 10. 1330/ 074-1-4045-3
Note: Do not put full stop after doi.
Citation: (Dimin & Jimin, 2013, p. 47)
There are a number of journals and other articles which can be used as the references for completing the assignments. The following is the structure and the format that can be used to put the reference and citations to the assignment.
References: Bekar, P.C., (2006). The Battlefield of the Cowards. Journal of Accounting and Management 21, 32-35.
Citation: (Bekar, 2006)
Reference: Holmes, L.M., & Row, P. (2019). A tale of the long nosed man. Journal of English Psychology, 23, 23-25. http://dx.doi.org/11.1029/j.chb.2011.11.101
Citation: (Holmes & Row, 2019, p. 6)
Reference: Piller, L. (2001). The Best Activities: Leading a Team. Journal of Management, 10, 16- 21. Retrieved from http://www.managementdirect.com/science/journal/01918869
Citation: (Piller, 2001)
Reference: Luather, T. (2013). The Poor Capital, The Age, p. 21.
Citation: (Luather, 2013, pp. 23- 25)
Reference: Nader, P. (2013). Mental Stress on the Peak of the world. The Age. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2012/generations
Citation: (Nader, 2013)
You may also like to use a number of images in your assignment. While adding the images in the assignment, it is also important to add the sources of those references in the reference list. The following structure and the format can be used to add the sources of the images in the reference list.
Reference: Belin, L (2015), The Last Telephone, MOU Press, Cambridge, M.A.
Citation: (Belin, 2015)
Rule: Last name of the author, first name of the author. (Year of publication). ‘Title of the post; Title of the blog, date of the post, retrieved from URL
Reference: Routlege, T. (2017). The healthy food of the nation: think and eat [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/a-doctors-recipe-for-a-healthy-breakfast-2017100612479
Citation: (Routlege, 2017)
Rule: Title of the film or the video. (Year). Medium, producer, publisher, retrieved from URL
Reference: Malver P. (2014). The music of the rain and dance [Audio Podcast]. Retrieved from https://www.podcast.com/watch?v=RtBbinpK5XI
Citation: (Malver, 2014)
This part will provide you the help for referencing the sources in the Deakin IEEE style. The format and structure for different sources are as follows:
The style that should be followed while putting the references and citations to the assignment in IEEE style for books is as follows:
Rule: Name of the author, Last name of the author, Title of the book, edn., Publication city: publisher, page number.
Reference:  M.P. Simpon, Handling on unethical hacking in the Networking bases. Boston: The technological world, Cengage Learning matrix, 2012.
Reference:  K.P. Schen and C. Hinder, “The optical devices and its fabrication with the acoustic waves,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 52, pp. 102- 213, 2002.
Reference:  The Encyclopedia of Ethical Hacking. New York, The Company of Smith. 2009.
Reference:  L. Badmin, You as an ethical Engineer. London, The Company of Smith., n.d.
Reference:  L. Benky, “The machine communitarian and the engineers: Know it All”, edn. 3, 2003, pp. 32-35.
Reference:  K. Laponder, Ed., The comprehensive Dictionary of the mechanical Engineering, 4th edition, London: Talor and Henry, 2015.
Reference:  L.J. Brewer and K.L. Ditteram, Tools and Applications for IT development and the Engineering Systems [eBook]. Indiania: persuade University and Press, 2014. Available: http://www.edrcohust.com/
There are a number of periodicals that can also be used to take the information and the content. The following is the format that can be used to add the reference and citation in your assignment in IEEE style.
Rule: Name of the Author/ Authors, “Title of the Article”, Title of the Journal, vol., page number or the page range.
Reference:  D. Champaran, K. George, M. Waller and V. caller, “The pattern of the complaints that to be filed with respect to the hacking,” PLAD One, Vol. 9, no. 16, pp. 2-10, 2014.
Reference:  K.P. Vider. On the issue of the electromagnetic transistors, IEEE Trans. September, 2010. [Online]. 22, pp. 12- 21. Available: http://www.malcyen.com/pib/journals/31ps03-vmilmar
This format should be used when no DOI is present.
Provide the full date if available.
Reference:  L. Harne. “Wind and the electric machine,” The Europe Morning Heralds: Environment, pp. 12- 14, April, 2013.
You may also like to use a number of other sources in your assignment. While adding the information in the assignment from all other sources, it is also important to add the sources of those references in the reference list. The following structure and the format can be used to add the sources in the reference list.
Rule: Name of the Author/ Authors, “Title of the paper, “Place (City) of the conference, year of conference, page number (s).
Reference:  G.P. Faulter, L.W. Giner and L.U. Peterson, “The design of the engineering mechanism of the transistors,” in conf. Rec. 2001 IEEE Int. Conff. Commun., pp. 12- 13.
Rule: Name of the Author/ Authors, “Title of the patent,” Authority of Patent, Date /month / Year of the Patent.
Reference:  P. Heppard, “Improved reaction of the chemical agents in the soaps,” Australia Patent 4562813, April. 12, 2003.
Rule: Name of the Author / Authors, “Report title”, Place (City) of the company of the institution, Year, vol.
Reference:  R.W. and C.T. Belly, “Transcript of the modern nation isotops and the Asams, “USAM Cambridge Res. Labs, Cambridge, LA, Rep. TASED – 15- 697, 2001, vol. 3.
Rule: Name of the Author/ Authors (Year, Month, Day). (Title of the Website or the Webpage) 9edition0 [Medium]. Available at: URL.
References:  P. Crown and The Australian Open University. (2010, April). A transition to the new world of the Engineering (2nd edition0 [Online]. Available: https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030001865
The next important style that should can be used by the students to add the references and citations to the assignment is known as the Vancouver referencing style. The Vancouver style consists of the following two parts:
The following format or the structure can be used to provide the reference and the citation to the paper or the assignment.
The books provides the great material and the content that can be used to put the information to the assignment or the paper. When using the information from the books, it becomes important to cite and refer these in your paper. The following format or the structure can be used to put the references and citations to the whole paper.
Rule: Name of the Author or the authors. Title of the book. Edition of the book. Place of the publication of the book: Name of the publisher, year.
Reference: Murray PL. The medical chronology of the patients in the golden era. 3rs edition. St. Fremin: Mosser; 2001.
Reference: Oliver K, The management of science and Arts of the human psychological behavior. 4th edition. The forest capital: 2005; 2016.
Rule: Name of the Author or the authors. Title of the book [Internet]. Edition of the book. Place of the publication of the book: Name of the publisher, year. Available from: URL or DOI
Note: Do not add full stop after page number and DOI
Reference: Herin LP, Greep S, editors. The systemic Accounting standards in the modern world [Internet]. Version 6.2.0. London Cambridge Collaboration, 2012 [updated 2012 March; cited 2015 Feb 15]. Available from: http://www.saralstudy.com/study-eschool-ncertsolution/accountancy/introduction-to-accounting/905-describe-the-role-of-accounting-in-the-modern-worl
Rule: Author /Authors of the book. Title of the book. Edition number. Place of the publication: name of the publisher; year. Number of the chapter, title of the chapter; page range.
Reference: Morin PL, Shperd P. The clinical standards for the service of the urgency. 4th ed.
Note: the word ‘ed’ stands for edition
Reference: Meltbeg PK, The chronological references. In: Vogester P, editor. The generous of citations. New York: Mcgraw; 2005. Pp. 23- 25.
There are also a number of periodicals that can also be used as the sources for writing the assignment. The structure and format that should be followed are as follows:
Rule: Authors, Title of the article. Year Month and day, volume of the article, issue: page range.
References: Berito P, Millani H and Curits D. The normalization of the meter of the surgery. [Internet]. 2005 February [cited 2005 February 2]; 51(2): F10-F17. Available from: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-normalization-of-cosm_b_6067046
References: Tyan P. Medical improvements. The Washington Post, 2017; (col 5).
There are also a number of other sources that can be used to find out the relevant information for your assignment. The following are some of those sources and the structure to reference and cite them.
Rule: Author of the website. Title of the website [Internet]. Place of the publication: Publisher of the website; date of copyright [revised/updated date]. Available from: URL
References: d Alexandra, The virtual world and the Big data problems with its implications in the real world [Internet]. Lowe city: Donna Mc Donald; c 1665 2005 [revised 2003 August 12; cited 2005 January 19]. Available from: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/307457
Rule: title of the website [Internet]. Place of the publication; date of the copyright [revised or edited date]. Available from; URL
References: mesoberth.com: The world’s best management practices [Internet]. Canberra: MPA; .About two screens. 2015 January 01 [cited 2015 February 2015]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.workforcecyprus.com/blog/774-top-10-best-practices-management
Rule: Initials of the authors of the post. Title of the blog [Internet]. Place of the publication: Publisher of the blog. Year month day [cited year month day]; [estimated length]. Available from: URL
Reference: Smith SP. Smith’s EGG blog [Internet]. Minneliner: Stephen Smith. 2012- T-and S-waves, 2012 January 12 [cited 2012 January 2013]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/
Rule: Author. Title of podcast or the video [podcast or the video on the Internet]. Place of the production: Producer of the video; year month day [cited year month year]. Available from: URL
References: Rio K. Kids and their mental health [video on the Internet]. Sydney: The Film City of Australia; c2012; [cited 2015 February 21]. Available from: https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/a-to-z/c/children-and-young-people
Rule: Authors of the paper. Title of paper. In: Initials of the Editors. Title of the publication. Date of the conference; place of conference. Place of publications: publisher; date of publication. Range of pages.
References: Gorbin FG. The commercial development of the medicines of the nation. In: Prenantlist HD, Etkin NL, editors. Health and information systems [Internet]. Proceedings of the Second National Conference of Science, KIP 2013; 2012 May 15 6-10, Beijing: Springer; [cited 2015 March 2015]. Page 15- 16 Available from https://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js6160e/3.html
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