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Chicago Referencing Generator

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Chicago Referencing Style

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referance

References are the most important part of every assignment or the dissertations that you provide to your professors and universities. It is considered to be vital because it helps the readers to locate the sources from where you have taken the information and materials for constructing your own work on a particular topic. References also helps to acknowledge the author whose work you have used to write your paper. Using the knowledge and information of another writer without acknowledging them in your piece of work can lead to the issues of intellectual dishonesty.

Therefore, to restrain any of such issue, it is important to put the references to the paper. One of the famous referencing styles that you may get to put in your work is the Chicago Referencing style. This type of citation style was created by Kate Turbian and is therefore also known as the Turabian citation and referencing style. This guide will outline the convection of the Chicago 17th Edition that can be used to put the references and citations in your piece of work.

Introduction to Chicago Reference Style

The latest 17th Edition of Chicago style or the Turabian Citation style includes the two different sets and systems for citing the referencing your work. These two are:

Notes and Bibliography System: The citations in this format are presented at the bottom of each page as the footnotes in your piece of work. These can also be termed as the endnotes of the assignment or the dissertations. Corresponding to this bibliography only, the citations are provided in the whole paper. One of the advantages of such this method is that the reader can easily locate the sources and its details while reading the paper only.

To create these footnotes, it is important to identify that information which is directly quoted in your own work or paraphrased with subscripted reference numbers. The reference numbers start from 1 and continue until all the references get over. 

Author-date: This type of referencing and citation is mostly used for subjects like science and social science. In this style, the references are cited in between the text-only and not in the footnotes or the endnotes. Each of the citations matches the corresponding reference of the reference list. The citation style follows the system of author name and the publication year.

Rules regarding In-text citations in Chicago Style

Throughout your text, it important for you to cite the references in your full text. Whenever you add a quotation or information in the paraphrased form, it is important to provide the source of that information using the In-text citation between your texts. In the case of the citations in the form of numbers, it can be done with the corresponding references. In the case of commas and the full stops, the citation is done at its right while in the case of colon and semi-colons, the numbered citations are done at its left.

Footnotes:

The full information about the source is given in the bibliography, therefore in case of the footnotes, a shortened form can be provided. This shortened form consists of the last name of the author, the title of the document or the source (in case the title long provides a short title in just 4 words only) and the page or page number.

Example of footnotes page of an assignment or a dissertation:

  1. Ninlen, Management Team, 56.
  2. Tornal, How teams work, 06.
  3. Ninlen, Management Team, 67.
  4. Aemen, Teams and leader, 101.
  5. Ninlen, Management Team, 31.
  6. Ibid., 120.

Note: The above box represents the footnotes section of a page of your assignment or the dissertations. The citation Ninlen is repeated in the 11, 13 and 15 as that of the sequence in the citations. The abbreviation Ibid is used when a reference is cited in the footnote immediately preceding as that of the footnote 16. If you have cited more than one reference then you can just need to simply put them together using just a single number. To separate every reference, the semi-colon can be used. 

Example

  1. Tornal, How teams work, 06; organizational teamwork, 96.

Bibliography

In the Chicago style, the full details about the source are provided under the broad heading of Bibliography. It is important to provide the bibliography to your piece of work so that the reader can know the source from where you have the information for writing your assignment or the dissertations. It can also contain those sources which you have not cited in your paper but have referred to in writing your paper. General rules regarding bibliography are:

  • All the sources in the bibliography must start with the last name or the surname of the author.
  • The list of sources in the bibliography must be arranged in alphabetical order.
  • The bibliography list should be doubled spaced.
  • The bibliography list should have the hanging indents.
  • The titles of the books should be in italics whereas the article and the chapter title should not be in italics.

Books in Chicago Style

The first source where you can find a number of useful information is from the books. Books are the most useful and the trustful source which can be used to collect important information and data for your paper. The bibliography and the footnotes in Chicago will follow the following structure or the format.

Books with Single Author

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author, Book title: Subtitle. Place of publication: Name of the publisher, publication date, page (s) number.

Bibliography:  Hyder, Robert. The Management Sciences, Victoria: Biblien Publication, 2016.

Footnote:    1. Hyder, The Management Sciences, 65.

Note: if the title of the book is Large, then it is important to put the shortened title in the List of footnotes.

Books with two and multiple authors

Bibliography:  Berks, Michael. The Sciences and Behaviour of teams, Victoria: Biblien Publication, 2016.

Footnote:    2. Hyder, Sciences and Behaviour, 21.

Books with more than one Author

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the authors (both), Book title: Subtitle. Place of publication: Name of the publisher, publication date, page (s) number.

Bibliography:  Demin, Limen, and Mehren Jorwati. Human Resource Management. London: Baber Publications, 2019.

Footnote:    3. Demin and Jorwati, Human Resource Management, 55.

Note: In case if the source has more two authors, the word et al. The word et al is the Latin word which means all others.

Bibliography:  Threasur, Robert, Ribin Cottle, Heber Isiti. The Accounting Distinction, Victoria: Biblien Publication, 2006.

Footnote:    4. Threasur et al., The Accounting Distinction, 65.

Books without any Author

Bibliography: Controlling Software Projects. 11th ed. Spain: Lelin Publications, 2003.

Footnotes:    5. Controlling Software Projects, 15.

Chapters from an Edited Book

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the editor (s), Book title: Subtitle. Place of publication: Name of the publisher, publication date, page (s) number

Bibliography: Cellin, Iven, ed. The Housing Forms. London: First Class, 2005.

Footnotes:    6. Cellin, The Housing Forms, 63.

Article in Book

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), “Name of the Article”. Book title: Subtitle. Place of publication: Name of the publisher, publication date, page (s) number

Bibliography: Tier, Moltin G. “National Study”. For the use of Learning Contracts, 79.

San Francisco: the Big Jossey, 2009.

Footnote:  7. Tier, “National Study”, 87.

E-Book

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), Book title: Subtitle. Place of publication: Name of the publisher, publication date, page (s) number. Media Maker.

Bibliography: Miller, Kate. How People Work. Oxford: OUP, 1998. The Best EBook Place.

Footnote:  8. Miller, How People Work, chap. 6, Recollections.

Note: In the case of E-Book it is preferred to add the DOI at the end of the reference. In case if no DOI is available, you can also add the URL to your reference.

Journal Article in Chicago Style

The next important source where you can get a lot of important information for your paper is the Journal Articles. Journal Articles are shorter than that of the whole book. These are shorter than that of the whole book because the Journal Articles are very much specific to a particular topic.

Journal Article

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), Article title: Title of publication, Volume number, Issue number (Publication Date):  page (s) number.

Bibliography: Zhang, K., and L. P. Rosin. "Damage of heterozygosis: a possible instrument in the administration of spoken premalignant grazes?" Journal of Spoken Pathology & Drug: Review article 25, no.6 (2005): 100-150.

Footnote:   9. Zhang and Rosin, “Damage of heterozygosis”, 100-150.

Electronic Journal Article

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), Article title: Title of publication, Volume number, Issue number (Publication Date):  page (s) number, URL

Bibliography: Chung Goh, “Management Education and Development Study,”      Management online Research 25 no. 6 (2015): 2.6, accessed Feb 2, 2020,         https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED301072

Footnote: 10. Chung Goh, “Management Education and Development,” 4.

Article from Newspaper

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), “Article title”, Name of the Publication, Publication date.

Bibliography: Hung Kirt, “The way to Belgium,” The Australian Summit, Sep 20, 2015.

Footnote: 11. Kirt, “The way to Belgium,”.

Note: In case of citing the newspapers in Chicago Style, it is not suggested to write the name of the page number of the newspapers.

Article from the Internet

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), “Article title”, Name of the Publication, Publication date. URL.

Bibliography:

Cooper, F. “The American Stoop in the Tracks.” ABC Technology, February 2, 2020,                 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123695154500399

Footnote: 12. Cooper, “American Stoop”.

Proceedings from Meetings, Conference Papers and another type of Symposiums

Bibliography:

Barbogeon, Margot. “Communications in Islander Communities in Australia: The                Joint Participation of Government and the Locals.” Paper presented at the       National Conference for Community Development, Queensland, Australia,   March 15 – April 30, 2005. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED057279

Footnote: 13. Barbogeon, “Communications in Islander”, 26.

Magazine Articles

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), “Article title”, Name of the Publication, Publication date, Page number.

Bibliography:

Pinksvill, Lango. “Theme of Romance in Shakespeare’s Sonnet.” New York           Times, 19 Jan. 2019, pp. 46-51.

Footnote: 14. Pinksvill, “Theme of Romance”, 50.

Online Sources in Chicago Style

Many times you may get the most important and the best information from the online websites. In such cases, you can refer to that website and can use the below-presented format and structure of providing the bibliography and footnotes in your paper.

Website with Author

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), “Name of the Website”. Date of access or modification, URL.

Bibliography:

Bounchen, Matie. “Leadership skills."  Accessed February 2020.                 https://spssi.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/0022-4537.00241

Footnote: 15. Bounchen, Leadership skills.

A website without any Author and Date

Rule: Note Number. “Title of the Website”, “Name of the Website”. Date of access or modification, URL.

Bibliography:

“Modern Systems Analysis and Design.” Pearson. Accessed February 2, 2020.       https://www.pearson.com/us/higher-education/program/Valacich-Modern-   Systems-Analysis-and-Design-9th-Edition/PGM2431010.html.

Footnote: 16. “Modern Systems Analysis.”

Document on Webpage without any Author and date

Rule: Note Number. “Title of the Webpage”, Name of the Website. Date of access or modification, URL.

Bibliography:

Developing Environment of Systems. The Writing Centre. Accessed February 2,    2020. https://study.com/academy/lesson/environments-in-system-  development-life-cycle.html.

Footnote: 17. Developing Environment of Systems

Other Sources in Chicago Style

Apart from all the above-provided documents, there are a number of different documents that can also be used to refer so as to prepare the paper with the best information. There are a number of sources such as Interviews, Audios, Videos, etc. The following is the structure and format for putting the bibliography and footnotes using the Chicago Referencing style.

Unpublished Interviews and Other Personal Communications

Rule: Note Number. First and last name of the Interviewee’s, First and last name of the Interviewer’s, (“Name of the Website”. Date of access or modification, URL.

Bibliography: If you have used any of the unpublished Interviews for getting the best information for your paper, you can add it is to your footnotes in the Chicago Style. Any kind of unpublished interviews or other personal communication cannot be provided in the Bibliography section.

Footnotes: Interview conducted by Own:

  1. Grahmin Steve (pestor, Wayper chamel), interview by author, April 6, 2005.

Interview Conducted by any other person

  1. Bealion Melba, interview by Almin Smith, April 1990, The National Awards in Archery, International Library, Australia.

Email of Personal Nature.

  1. Gramin Strong (pestor, Wayper chamel), email message to author, September 2, 2003.

Music or the Audio

Rule: Note Number. First and last name of the producers. “Scene Title,” Title of Production, directed by Director (s) (Place: Publisher, year), Medium.

Bibliography: Zomart, Walfgoung Amaxaer. The Pain of the Rain. Recorded March 2005, track 6. Columbia, Compact disc.

Footnotes: 18. Zomart, The Pain of the.

Video

Rule: Note number. User, Title, date, URL(if available).

Bibliography:

Star Trek: The Another Generation, season 6, episode 2, “ The height Punishment,”           directed by Finiis Gill, aired March 25, 2005, in broadcast sunthinction,  paramount, 2013, the yellow did. 

Footnotes: 19. Star Trek: The Another Generation, “The height Punishment,”

Thesis

Rule: Note Number. Last and First name of the author (s), “Title of the thesis”.

Bibliography:

Gijer, Halamd. "The customer satisfaction level for the world's best-treated food  ventures." Ph.D. thesis, Queensland University, 2009.              http://handle.uws.edu.au:8081/1959.7

Footnote: 20. Gijer, “The customer satisfaction,” 65.

Note: The title of the thesis is not in Italics if it is not a published source.

Government Documents

Rule: Note Number. An organisation or the Group name, Work Title. Publication: Name of the Publisher, Publication Date, Page number (s).

Bibliography:

Queensland Institute of Health and Safety, The old People in Australia 2002-2005.              Queensland, 2006.

Footnote: 21. QIHS, The old People in Australia 2002-2005, 25.

Online Government document

Rule: Note Number. Name of the organization, Work Title. Publication: Name of the Publisher, Number of the page (s). URL or the DOI.

Bibliography:

Department of Communication, Technology and Management. The perspective of             Human Resource Management: Leading Development Program. The Government of Australia. March 2005.

            https://www.managementstudyguide.com/role-of-hrm-in-leadership-           development.htm

Footnote: 22.

Department of Communication, Technology and Management. The perspective of HRM.

Online Lectures

You may often take help from the number of online lectures. The format or the structure to put the bibliography and the footnotes.

Rule: last name of the lecturer, First name of the lecturer. “Lecture title: Unit Code, (Name, place, date) Medium.

Bibliography:

 Gerber, Leath. “Transmission: Lecture 4,” APFG: transmission Studies (Queensland, Tonis         University, June 2, 2003). Podcast.

Footnote: 23. Gerber, “Transmission: Lecture 4”.

Therefore, it is important to keep the check on the type of source that you are referencing in order to prepare your assignment. This will help you to follow the right and an adequate style of putting the bibliography and footnotes to your piece of work.