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University Of Waterloo

University Of Waterloo
cal LiveWebTutors cal 03 Jan, 2022

Intro & History

The University of Waterloo (also known as Waterloo, U.W., or U Waterloo) is a public research university with a prime campus in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

The University of Waterloo finds its origins in Waterloo College (at present Wilfrid Laurier University), the academic offshoot of Waterloo Lutheran Seminary, which was associated with the University of Western Ontario since 1925. When Gerald Hagey presumed the presidency of Waterloo College in 1953, he made it his top priority to procure the funds necessary to expand the institution. While the main source of income for higher education in Ontario was the (provincial) Ontario government, it made it clear it would not indulge in contribution to denominational colleges and universities.

Hagey soon became receptive to the steps undertaken by McMaster University to make itself acceptable for some provincial funding by establishing Hamilton College as a distinct, non-denominational college associated with the University.

Following that method, Waterloo College incorporated the Waterloo College Associate Faculties on 4th April 1956 as a non-denominational board affiliated with the college. The academic formation of the Associated Faculties was originally focused on co-operative education in the applied sciences—largely built around the propositions of Ira Needles. Needles projected a different approach towards education, including both studies in the classroom and training in industries that would eventually become the basis of the University's co-operative education program. While on the inception, the plan was opposed by the Engineering Institute of Canada and other Canadian universities, markedly the University of Western Ontario. The Associated Faculties admitted its first students in July 1957.

On 25th January 1958, the Associated Faculties opened its first building on the Chemical Engineering Building site.

In 1959, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario passed an act that formally split the Associated Faculties from Waterloo College and re-established it as the University of Waterloo.

The administration was shaped on the University of Toronto Act of 1906, which established a diploid system of university government consisting of a senate responsible for academic policy. A board of governors exercised exclusive control over finances and possessed formal authority in all other states areas. The president, appointed by the board, acted as the institution's chief executive officer and as an intermediary between both the bodies.

The University initiated its Faculty of Arts in the year 1960. It later established the 1st Faculty of Mathematics in North America on 1st January 1967. In 1967, the world's 1st Department of Kinesiology was established. The present-day legislative act which construes how the University should be administered & governed, the University of Waterloo Act, 1972, was ratified on 10th May 1972.

The University of Waterloo is a co-educational organization, with approximately 35,000+ under-graduate and 6,000+ post-graduate students recorded there in 2020. Alumni and former students of the University spread across Canada and in over 148+ countries, with several award winners, government officials, and business leaders associated with Waterloo.

Faculties & Courses

Faculties & Courses


  • Arts
  • Engineering
  • Environment
  • Health
  • Mathematics
  • Science

Graduateand Postdoctoral Programs

  • Accounting - PhD
  • Actuarial Science – M.Act.Sc., M.Math, PhD
  • Anthropology - M.A.
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Architecture
  • Biostatistics
  • Business, Entrepreneurship, and Technology
  • ?Catholic Thought - (St. Jerome's University)
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Classical Studies - M.A.
  • Combinatorics and Optimization
  • Computational Mathematics - MMath
  • Computer Science
  • Data Science -
  • Digital Experience Innovation
  • Earth Sciences
  • Economics
  • Electric Power Engineering
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • English – M.A./PhD
  • Environment and Business
  • Fine Arts - M.F.A. (Studio Art)
  • French Studies – M.A./PhD
  • German - M.A.
  • Global Governance – M.A./PhD
  • Health Evaluation
  • History – M.A./PhD
  • Kinesiology – MSc/PhD
  • Management Sciences
  • Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering
  • Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Pharmacy – M. Pharm/Ph.D./MSc
  • Philosophy – M.A./PhD
  • Physics – MSc/PhD
  • Planning
  • Political Science – M.A./PhD
  • Psychology – M.A./PhD
  • Public Health & HealthSystems – MSc/PhD
  • Public Service
  • Pure Mathematics – M. Math/PhD
  • Quantitative Finance
  • Recreation and Leisure Studies – M.A./PhD
  • Religious Studies - PhD
  • Social and Ecological Sustainability – M.E.S./PhD/M.A.
  • Social and Legal Studies
  • Sociology – M.A./PhD
  • Statistics – M./PhDMath
  • Sustainability Management – M.E.S./PhD
  • Systems Design Engineering –MASc./M.Engg/PhD
  • Taxation - MTax
  • Theological Studies
  • Vision Science – MSc/PhD

Affiliated and Federated Institutions of Waterloo

  • Conrad Grebel University College
  • Renison University College
  • St. Jerome's University
  • St. Paul's University College

Satellite Campuses

  • Cambridge
  • Kitchener
  • Stratford

Distance Learning/Online Courses

Distance Learning/online Courses

Online Courses

University of Waterloo offers various online professional development opportunities, from individual courses to extensive certificate programs. Its online courses offer the resilience and convenience to study whenever and wherever one prefers to, making it easy to learn and work without clashing with your one's schedule.

New sessions start every month, each course duration is for six weeks, and the time involvement is two to four hours per week. Choose from a variety of courses in these categories:

  • Business Administration
  • Computer and Information Technology
  • Languages
  • Personal Development
  • Project Management
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Writing and Publishing

(Cost per course: C$190 + applicable taxes)

Courses are fully online. Each course has treated the equivalent of 24 hours of in-class instruction. Internet access and an email account are

the basic prerequisites.

Upcoming Start dates: 17th November, 15th December, 12th January, 9th February, 16th March, 13th April.

Course Details

One should find the course they are interested in, either by searching the categories provided or browsing the online course list. Then one must review the individual course details; check out the syllabus and any requirements particular to that course.

Each course duration is for six weeks, and lessons are published on Wednesdays and Fridays each week. One is not required to be online at any specific time.

When the final lesson is released, one will have two weeks to complete the final exam. It is an open-book, multiple-choice exam, and one needs to achieve a minimum of 65.00% to pass the course. There is only one opportunity to concede and pass the exam. A certificate of completion from Ed2Go is available for printing immediately upon successful completion, and a certificate from the University of Waterloo will be emailed to the candidate within two weeks.


Please register and make your payment at least two days before the class commencement date. They will send an email confirming one's registration with instructions on enrolling in and accessing their course on the Ed2Go/Waterloo site. University verifies all enrolled students.

Online Certificates

University's Professional Development certificates provide a wide variety of tools and approaches to help one achieve their personal and career goals. Each certificate is comprised of 3 to 4 courses that are fully online and are accessible every month. There are no admission requisites and no deadlines for the completion of the certificate. All courses must be taken through Professional Development at the University to be eligible. Various certificates offered are:

  • Advanced Web Design and Development
  • Business Essentials
  • Computer Hardware and Networking
  • Customer Service
  • Effective Workplace Communication
  • Essentials of Digital Photography
  • Essentials of Web Design
  • Introduction to Databases
  • Introduction to Graphic Design Tools
  • Introduction to Project Management
  • Logistics and Supply Chain Management
  • Microsoft Office Elements
  • Sales and Marketing Fundamentals
  • Small Business
  • Supervision

University also offers several in-class and multi-week certificate programs. New online courses are supplemented throughout the year. Please regularly check for any available updates, or subscribe to the University's email list to receive their regular professional development news.

Grades & Grading System At U Of Waterloo

Grade Submission

Professors/Lecturers must submit final grades to the Graduate Studies Office by the end of each course duration in which the course was given or by the beginning of the following term. Provisional grades may not be assigned. Once a grade has been accredited, it cannot be changed.

Conversion of Incompletes

An incomplete grade (I.N.C.) will remain on a student's transcript for at max. 2 terms of enlistment following the term in which the course was taken. After that, I.N.C.s may only be sustained on a term-by-term basis by request from the Department and course educator. If a grade has not been submitted by the end of the 2nd term, the I.N.C. will by default convert to an F.T.C. (failure to complete incomplete course work, no credit awarded). For average calculation, the F.T.C. value equals 0. This status may not be omitted from the transcript except on appeal to the Dean of Graduate Studies. Such appeals would be granted only in exceptional situations, such as where failure to complete was the instructor's fault and not the student's.

The grading system of the University was amended in Fall 2001. Grades for all courses taken before Fall 2001 reflect on grade reports and transcripts either as one of the 15 letter grades from A+ to F or as numeric marks on a % scale depending upon the Faculty of enrollment.

W.e.f. All Faculties devise fall 2001, number grades on a scale from 0 to 100.

Averages are registered in all Faculties as percentages. Average evaluation values are accustomed for overall averages for students with letter grades on their records.

The following conversion table applies to courses taken before Fall 2001.

Letter Grade Percentage Ranges Weighting Factorsfor Letter Grades
A+ 90 to 100 95
A 85 to 89 89
A- 80 to 84 83
B+ 77 to 79 78
B 73 to 76 75
B- 70 to 72 72
C+ 67 to 69 68
C 63 to 66 65
C- 60 to 62 62
F 0 to 59 0

Non-Numeric Grades/Graded Standings

A.C.C. Accepted (for thesis)
A.E.G. Aegrotat, the credit allowed due to illness
AUD Audit only, no credit awarded
C.R. * Credit awarded
DNW Did not write the examination, no credit awarded
F.T.C. Failure to complete incomplete course work, no credit awarded
I.N.C. Incomplete course work, no credit awarded
N.A.C. Not Accepted (for thesis)
N.C.R. * No credit awarded
N.M.R. No mark reported
U.R. Under review, no credit awarded
W.D. Withdrawn, no credit awarded

Students must attain an average of at least 70.0% in the set of courses they present to achieve course requirements for any graduate degree. Some departments may require higher program averages or course grades for graduate degrees.

If a graduate student entails an undergraduate course for graduate credit, the above grading scheme will apply.

* Departments may offer, for graduate credit, courses that carry no grades, and satisfactory work in such courses will be reflected on the transcript by C.R. C.R. or N.C.R. courses are so designated in the calendar.

Application & Selection

Application & Selection

University of Waterloo International Admissions

The application process at the University of Waterloo is well-defined. Candidates get complete guidance on how to apply to the University. The process of admission, right from submitting one's application to the acceptance of the offers, shapes like this:

  • Apply through an Ontario Universities Application Centre after assuring one meets the basic admission requisites.
  • Within two weeks of receiving their application, the University will send further instructions via email.
  • Applicants must avail themselves of the information received for creating a "Guest Account" and utilize it to upload documents and track application status.
  • An ‘Application Information Form’ can also be filled for further enhancing the chances of admission.
  • Complete the final step of the admission procedure by uploading official documents and submitting the English Proficiency Test Scores.
  • Selected candidates will be offered a place on their university accounts which should be acceptable within the specified period of deadlines.
  • Students can then proceed with submitting their tuition fees and applying for residence and study permits.

English Proficiency Requirements

Being a university in Canada, English is the only language used for educational and official purposes. Therefore, a candidate willing to study at the institute must be adequately adept in the language.

International candidates can prove their efficiency in the English Language by achieving promising scores in various English Proficiency Tests.

Some tests are acceptable as language proof at the University, as in the table below

Acceptable Exams Score
Internet-based TOEFL 90.0 overall; writing 25.0; speaking 25.0
I.E.L.T.S. Academic 6.50 overall; writing 6.50; speaking 6.50
PTE Academic 63.0 overall; writing 65.0; speaking 65.0

University of Waterloo Graduate Admissions

Admission Portal: Apply online at the official website using the O.U.A.C. application.

Application Fee: 125 CAD

Basic Academic Requirement: 75% or above in the last two years, a 4-year bachelor's degree or equivalent.

Additional Requirement: Minimum 2 letters of reference (preferably academic).

Admission process:

  • Apply at least two weeks before the deadline by creating an O.U.A.C. account.
  • The candidate must choose the program of preference carefully and fill in the other mandatory information.
  • Submit the fully completed application with the required amount of non-refundable fees.
  • Wait for one to two business days to receive the I.D. and Password for accessing the Quest account, the University's official student info- system.
  • Use this account to upload necessary documents, admission-related updates, and accept or decline the offer of a place.

University of Waterloo Application Assessment

The University has not delineated how an application is contemplated for Undergraduate Admissions. But, a very simple & straight path for Graduate Admissions has been laid down.

For Graduate Admission, an application is assessed & evaluated in 3 steps: -

The first step is the analysis by the academic unit (Faculty or school). It takes into account various factors like course taken, overall performance, references, research, etc.

After this, The Associate Dean’s Office re-evaluates the application for admission requirements.

If approved by the Dean's Office, the application is sent to the Graduate Studies Office, again re-assessed. Here, activities like verifying the admissibility, evaluation of departmental requisites, etc., are done. If approved by G.S.O., an offer for admission is granted.

For Undergraduate Admissions, a general evaluation procedure will include – Checking general admission requirements, checking program-specific requirements, evaluation of academic performance and English proficiency scores.

U of Waterloo, while proposing admissions, doesn't look out for just poindexters but also seeks competent, sociable leaders in its students. To satisfy its specifications, the institute wants its aspirants to possess strong S.T.E.M. credentials.

The University also pays quite a weight on extracurricular activities, references and essays, and encourages its aspirants to appear for an interview to elaborate on their strengths. This not only helps the University make a better and just decision, but it could also bring you one step closer to landing one of the high-paying jobs in Canada within a few months of graduating from the University.


First-year tuition fees

Fees For Canadian Citizens And Permanent Residents

Faculty or program Approximate tuition Books, supplies
Faculties of Arts, Environment, Health, Mathematics, and Science C$8,000 C$2,100
Faculty of Engineering C$16,000 C$2,100
Accounting and Financial Management*, Sustainability and Financial Management* C$8,000 C$2,100
Architecture C$12,000 C$4,100
Business Administration and Mathematics Double Degree C$12,000 C$2,100
Computer Science, Business Administration, and Computer Science Double Degree C$15,000 C$2,100
Computing and Financial Management* C$8,000 C$2,100
Global Business and Digital Arts C$14,000 C$2,100
Mathematics/Financial Analysis and Risk Management C$12,000 C$2,100

Fees For International Students

Faculty or program Approximate tuition Books, supplies
Faculties of Arts, Environment, and Health C$42,000 to $43,000 C$2,100
Faculty of Engineering C$63,000 C$2,100
Faculty of Mathematics C$47,000 toC$48,000 C$2,100
Faculty of Science, Biotechnology/Chartered Professional Accountancy C$44,000 to C$45,000 C$2,100
Accounting and Financial Management*, Sustainability and Financial Management* C$43,000 C$2,100
Architecture C$61,000 C$4,100
Computer Science, Business Administration (Laurier) and Computer Science (Waterloo) Double Degree C$63,000 C$2,100
Computing and Financial Management* C$48,000 C$2,100
Global Business and Digital Arts C$46,000 C$2,100

Fees are for 2 terms (Eight months) of school, based on September 2021, and a full course load (5 courses/term). Fees for September 2022 will be accessible in August 2022 and are likely to be higher. Candidate pays fees one school term at a time (not the entire year at a go).

  • Co-op students pay a fee of C$739 per term to cover some costs of the co-op program. If one is in a co-op program, they do not pay tuition during their co-op work terms.
  • *For accounting and finance courses, tuition is substantially higher in one’s upper years.
  • For the two aviation courses, professional pilot training is approximated to be an additional C$77,000 over three calendar years.
  • One's exact fees will be reflected in their Quest student account nearly a month before the start of each term.

Living costs

These amounts are approximate and should be taken only for guidance. One’s costs will vary depending on his/her personal needs and lifestyle.

Estimated living costs for one person living in Waterloo, for a four-month academic term

Expense Estimated cost (one term)
Housing (off-campus) and utilities C$2,500 -C$3,500
Food - groceries C$950
Personal expenses C$1,550
Books and supplies (depends on program) C$1,000 -C$2,100

Rating & Ranking

The U of Waterloo also comprises a Work Placement Program. This program allows students to get on-campus full-time jobs in different departments like Faculty, student service, and administrative support. The jobs are subject to eligibility requisites.

  • The program is for both undergraduate &graduate students. The under-graduate students can be co-op or regular students.
  • However, the candidates must have applied for full-time studies for the academic term before the work term.
  • One can visit the Co-operative Education website to apply Waterloo-Works.
  • The students can earn $2200 per month over the course of 4 months of the job, along with 4.00% of vacation pay. However, the Salary may vary depending upon the position and experience.
Ranked By 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
ARWU (Shanghai Ranking) - Universities Rankings #201 to 300 #201 to 300 #151 to 200 #151 to 200 #151 to 200 NA
QS - World University Ranking NA #152 #152 #163 #173 #166
THE (Times Higher Education) - University Ranking NA #173 #201 to 250 #201 to 250 #201 to 250 #201-250
US News & World Report - Global Universities NA NA #215 #217 #217 #210

University Accommodations

University Accommodations

Various residences offered by the University (in-campus) are:

  • Village 1
  • Ron Eydt Village
  • Claudette Millar Hall
  • Mackenzie King Village
  • U.W. Place
  • Columbia Lake Village - South
  • Columbia Lake Village - North
  • MinotaHagey

Placements & job stats

University of Waterloo Work Placement Program

The U of Waterloo also comprises a Work Placement Program. This program allows students to get on-campus full-time jobs in different departments like Faculty, student service, and administrative support. The jobs are subject to eligibility requisites.

  • The program is for undergraduate as well as graduate students. The under-graduate students can be co-op or regular students.
  • However, the candidates must have applied for full-time studies for the academic term before the work term.
  • One can visit the Co-operative Education website to apply Waterloo-Works.
  • The students can earn $2200 per month over 4 months of the job along with 4.00% of vacation pay. However, the Salary may vary based on the position and experience.

Sector-wise Salary of University of Waterloo Graduates

Sector Average Annual Salary(approx.)
Education And Research C$ 2,38,000
Executive Management & Change C$ 1,53,000
IT & Software Development C$ 1,23,000
Human Resources C$ 1,21,500
Financial Services C$ 1,15,000
Marketing Product & Communications C$ 1,06,000

University of Waterloo Degree-wise Salary

Degree Average Annual Salary
Doctorate C$ 2,41,000
Masters in Finance C$ 1,36,000
Bachelor(other) C$ 1,16,000
Bachelor of Science C$ 1,09,000
Master in Science C$ 96,000
Master(others) C$ 87,500


Some of the major scholarships offered by the University of Waterloo :

President’s Scholarship Of Distinction (Admission Average Of 95%& Above)

Value C$2,000 Entrance Scholarship

President’s Scholarship (Admission Average Of 90% To 94.9%)

Value C$2,000 Entrance Scholarship

Merit Scholarship (Admission Average Of 85% To 89.9%)

Value C$1,000 Entrance Scholarship

International Student Entrance Scholarships

ValueSeveral at C$10,000 each

Nearby Cities And Airports

  • 4 km to Kitchener, Canada
  • 59 km to Hamilton, Canada
  • 67 km to Brampton, Canada
  • 72 km to Mississauga, Canada
  • 78 km to London, Canada
  • 85 km to Etobicoke, Canada
  • 93 km to Vaughan, Canada
  • 96 km to Toronto, Canada
  • 106 km to Markham, Canada
  • 111 km to Scarborough, Canada
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