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APA 7 Vs MLA 8 - A Detailed Analogy Of Two Referencing Styles

APA 7 Vs MLA 8 - A Detailed Analogy Of Two Referencing Styles
cal LiveWebTutors cal 04 Sep, 2020

University assignment and citation styles go hand in hand, and there is no other way to redefine an assignment better. Among the several citation styles available, the APA and MLA are the most common ones that are redefining assignments since their inception, and even today. Time and again they have been witnessing a number of changes in its guidelines and forms that have paved the way for a new kind of refurnishing.

In the present times, citing online material has quite become the most common norm with exclusive usage of bias-free language which is getting increasingly important. It also includes the common usage of technology as availed by the students and researchers to have been witnessing a considerable change. Among the varied editions available, today let us draw a clear comparison between APA 7th edition and MLA 8th edition.

Understanding APA 7 Style:

American Psychological Association is a style that originated back in the year 1929, and established a long set of style rules, and set of procedures and codifies the multiple components of scientific writing and increases the ease of reading comprehension. Similar to other editorial styles, the APA style comprises guidelines and rules that a publisher needs to ensure in order to derive a clear presentation.

The 7th edition addresses the changes well and offers extensive guidelines. Let us view the biggest changes that have taken place in the current edition, and stand completely different from the previous ones.

The unique components of the style comprise the following:

  • Selection of tone, headings, and length
  • Abbreviations and punctuation
  • Presentations of statistics and numbers
  • Constructing figures and tables
  • References citation
  • Several other elements form essential components of a manuscript

References and in-text citations in APA style

Citing resources has witnessed the addition of more guidelines than before that making citing online resources way easier. As many as 114 examples are offered that range from periodicals to books, to social media, and even audiovisuals. An essay template is offered for individuals to understand and also apply the guidelines of citations. A referencing generator offered by professional agencies offers due assistance. Let us explore the biggest changes that are no more a part of the 7th edition.

  1. The location of the published is no longer included
  2. This in-text citation that comprises works of more than three authors can now be shortened for the very first time. You can also include the name of the first author, along with ‘et al.
  3.  It is important to offer initials and surnames for as many as 20 authors, unlike the previous editions where it was required to offer 7 names in the reference list.
  4. You need to format the DOIS in the same way as an URL. The label ‘DOI’ however is not necessary any longer.
  5. When you are using ebooks, you no longer need to include the platform; the format, or the device in the reference, as including the publisher seems the only viable option, as per the recent changes.
  6. You also need to include the names of contributors, other than authors and editors as clear guidelines are stated regarding one. If you wish to cite an episode pertaining to a podcast, you need to include the host, however for a TV series; you also need to cite the name of the writer and the director.
  7. Several examples are enlisted for the online source kinds that include social media posts, podcast episodes, and also online YouTube videos. Writers also need to incorporate the use of hashtags and emojis.
  8. The singular words, ‘they're’ and ‘they’ are now endorsed as gender-neutral pronouns.
  9. It is preferred to make use of descriptive phrases instead of stating adjectives as label groups, or nouns of people.
  10. It is also crucial to use the exact age and not broad categories, and hence be more relevant and specific.

Use of a bias-free language

The new norms enlist writers to write in a manner that does not follow any bias, and the new publication manual comprises a distinct chapter on every topic. Guidelines offered by APA help the writers to reduce bias, especially around topics including disability, age, gender, ethnic identity, and sexual orientation. Ensure you look up professional help to assist with a paraphrasing tool to help you paraphrase the assignment well.

Understanding MLA 8:

MLA stands for the Modern Language Association and is referred to an organization that is responsible for inventing the MLA format. The format is invented by researchers, students, scholars, and several other professionals for enabling authors to make use of a uniform manner of formatting papers and assignments. The MLA has currently released the 8th edition which is also the current edition that offers instructions on citing. Along with this, it also offers varied guidelines necessary for work submission in complete adherence to the rules and standards of MLA. MLA 8 is described by the style of citation as a groundbreaking new edition that reinvents the processes of citation and offers a neutral way.

Complete guide to the key differences in the MLA 8th edition:

The key differences can be understood by having a read of the following:

The previous editions of the MLA handbook show that researchers needed to locate the format for using the source. For example, researchers needed to locate the specific source for periodicals while using a magazine. As a result of the varied ways, the information is now acquired in lectures, books, tweets, social media posts, and more. It has quite become unrealistic for the citation style to form formats for every single source type. Instead, today, there is a simple single standard and a universal format that can be searched by researchers to form their citations. While stating citations, do not forget to refer to plagiarism checker software to check the plagiarism percentage.

Include ‘containers’ in citations

This is one such exclusive option this citation style offers, which is containers and the elements that tend to ‘hold’ the source.

Use pseudonyms while stating author names

This norm is extremely acceptable to make use of handles and screen names in place of the author's names.

Add abbreviations vol. and no.

In the former edition of MLA 7, there is nowhere that the numbers signified to issue, and volume numbers

Inclusion of URLs

The previous versions required the MLA handbook which was up to the discretion and whether it should be incorporated in the citation or not. However, in MLA 8, you need to include the URL. Even if it gets outdated, it might be easier to bring the data back online from an old URL.

Omit the publisher from any other kind of source

It is not important to include the publisher for a website and periodicals when the name tends to match the name of the publisher; however, the name is usually insignificant. If you are having difficulty comprehending the changes, worry no more, as essay writing help is now available at your fingertips.

Eliminate the city of publication

The previous versions required researchers to be included where the publisher has been located. In the present times, the data usually serves as being an insignificant purpose where the city of publication needs to be omitted. Hence, it is mandatory to include the city of publication with the source version differing when it has been published in a completely different country.

Tips to format an MLA 8 citation list:

The primary purpose of the works cited list is also to display the sources which were beneficial for a particular project. While starting to build the page, you need to start consulting the list of core elements and remember to use the core elements such as author, title of container, version, number, and more.

The citations need to be listed in an alphabetical manner by using the very first word in the citation and are typically the last name of the author. While using two or more sources, it is mandatory to include the name of the author only in the very first citation. On the other hand, the subsequent citations make use of three hyphens while stating the author’s name, and are ended with a period.

Mechanics of style

The mechanics of style has not changed much in the 7th edition. Additionally, there have been two major changes such as using only one single space post a period and making use of double quotation marks instead of using italics while referring to linguistic examples.  

Professional guidance to improve knowledge of citation styles:

A detailed analogy of the two citation styles and the key differences in the new styles make it extremely important for students and authors to pen down new assignments. However, with the detailed assistance of professionals, you can always step further and endeavor toward much-needed success. Visit, a professional academic writing agency offering detailed guidance with solving assignments of all kinds. Gear up to experience a new form of online assignment help from the finest in the field.

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