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HMG7410 Concepts in Humanitarian Assistance- Essay on ethics and human rights in humanitarian assistance.

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Using the literature, and with reference to the case study below: 1. Critically define humanitarian assistance, its purpose, principles, and standards2. Considering the case study analyse and discuss the contextual challenges for humanitarian practice We are failing Democratic Republic Congo – again Oda Lykke Mortensen, Published 13. Apr 2018https://www.nrc.no/expert-deployment/2016/2018/we-are-failing-dr-congo---again/The international community has failed to help and protect the people of DR Congo. 13.1 million people need humanitarian assistance, more than a double since 2014...

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Using the literature, and with reference to the case study below: 1. Critically define humanitarian assistance, its purpose, principles, and standards2. Considering the case study analyse and discuss the contextual challenges for humanitarian practice We are failing Democratic Republic Congo – again Oda Lykke Mortensen, Published 13. Apr 2018https://www.nrc.no/expert-deployment/2016/2018/we-are-failing-dr-congo---again/The international community has failed to help and protect the people of DR Congo. 13.1 million people need humanitarian assistance, more than a double since 2014. Despite the situation getting worse, donors have reduced funding to the country."Haven't the people of DR Congo suffered enough? Millions of lives are at stake, and if not taken seriously, the situation could get worse. Donors must step up their support," says NORCAP Director,Benedicte Giæver.In 2017, there was a dramatic deterioration of the humanitarian situation in DR Congo and the UNsounded the alarm in October 2017, by declaring a Level 3 emergency in Kasai, Tanganyika andSouth Kivu provinces. This put the country on par with Syria, Yemen and Iraq.Now, 13.1 million people need help, but despite increasing needs only 10 per cent of the funds needed to save lives in DR Congo have been received for this year. 9.9 million people do not have enough food and 4.6 million children are malnourished. The 20-year long humanitarian crisis we see today is a result of several conflicts in different pockets of the country. Some have lasted for years, while others are more recent. Estimates of the death toll between 1998 and 2003, range from roughly one million to more than five million people.On Friday 13 April, donors meet in Geneva, Switzerland, to pledge funds for the crisis in DR Congo.Giæver says the lack of funding makes the situation intolerable."We have people ready to support, but there's no money to spend. Instead, humanitarian agencies have had to scale down their activities," Giæver says. " With the situation getting worse for the people, we need to step up the humanitarian aid, not scale down," Giæver says.Increased needs and reduced funds In the beginning of 2018 there was renewed fighting in North Kivu, and interethnic clashes in Ituri that displaced thousands of people. Additionally, the existing instability in Tanganyika, South Kivu and the Grand Kasai region, that had started to stabilise towards the end of 2018, are again showing signs of unrest."The emergency enfolding in Tanganyika province is of great concern. Our expert in the area reportst hat lack of funding is creating a difficult situation where humanitarians have to prioritize among the many urgent needs of the people in the province," Giæver says.Women and girls are particularly vulnerable in this crisis. Last year, over a thousand rape survivors were identified and assisted by humanitarian agencies in the Tanganyika province, where 630,000people are displaced. In the past four months, more than a thousand unaccompanied children have been identified but there is not an adequate system in place to reunite these children with family members."There are not enough emergency kits for rape survivors to prevent sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and unwanted pregnancies. Additionally, there is a lack of experts to help survivors heal from trauma," says Gaele Chojnowicz, our child protection and sexual and gender based violence expert, working for UNHCR in Tanganyika.Cholera and lack of health assistance The years of conflict have had its effect on the health structures and 10.5 million people are in need of medical assistance. The reasons are mainly due to the spread of cholera and increased insecurity in the eastern provinces, the greater Kasai region and in Kinshasa. Last year, a total of 220 health structures were attacked and most of them looted."700,000 displaced people are without health assistance in North Kivu and Ituri, due to security issues, inaccessible roads or lack of funding. People die of diseases which could easily have been treated," Giæver says.So far in 2018, a total of 20 experts from NORCAP provide expertise to UN partners in DR Congo.They are building capacity, strengthening child protection, improving coordination, gender and protection mainstreaming and promoting international standards of programming.NORCAP call on all donors to increase funding to make sure that the 13 million people in DR Congo that need help receive lifesaving aid

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Humanitarian assistance

Humanitarian assistance is the help and assistance provided to the needy people in the event of the civil war or natural disaster or in any unfavorable condition which cause huge distress among the people of the society or people of whole country.  Humanitarian assistance is the response by any group or country in the adverse situation of any country or people living in that particular country.  These adverse conditions can be created by the people itself or by some kind of natural disaster like tsunami or earthquake or flood.  Adverse condition created by people include civil was like condition or ethnic cleansing by other ethnicity.  Humanitarian action or assistance is protecting, helping and saving human life without any discrimination and partiality. Humanitarian assistance is valuing human values and human rights of other by providing necessary help in terms of food, living and medical assistance. Sometime in the adverse situation people are forced to flee from their home location to other location or other country and force their life to spend in the refugee camp. So it is the duty of the nations to provide the refugee camps and necessary assistance to people of other country to run their daily life. Humanitarian assistant is like treating everybody as family member who are in distress and give them all type of support medical, mental and psychological support so that distressed people can find motive to live and let other live. Basic fundamental of the humanitarian assistance need situation creates after conflict between two group of people and one group is trying to remove other group and this same kind of things is happening in the democratic republic of Congo, Syria, Yemen and Myanmar etc. Basically humanitarian assistance shall be provided to the people without looking at their cast, religion, color, race and without doing any kind of discrimination to anyone and assistance work should be prioritized based on who need quick assistance based on their condition so people who are dying due to hunger, or medical facility absence shall get the assistance first so that it can be make sure that actual 

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