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This assessment covers the crime and punishment aspect of this unit. During this assessment you will be required to identify a particular crime from the list provided, discuss the punishment and ident

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This assessment covers the crime and punishment aspect of this unit. During this assessment you will be required to identify a particular crime from the list provided, discuss the punishment and identify the victims of that crime.
 
As part of this assessment you will be required to present your assessment in two (2) distinct sections consisting of 1600 words for Part A, and 1000 words for Part B you will be required to research and identify the key areas within this assessment.

You are to select one of the following high profile cases:
Port Arthur Massa...

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Question Preview:

This assessment covers the crime and punishment aspect of this unit. During this assessment you will be required to identify a particular crime from the list provided, discuss the punishment and identify the victims of that crime.
 
As part of this assessment you will be required to present your assessment in two (2) distinct sections consisting of 1600 words for Part A, and 1000 words for Part B you will be required to research and identify the key areas within this assessment.

You are to select one of the following high profile cases:
Port Arthur Massacre April 1996 (offender Martyn Bryant)
The Snowtown murderers May 1999 (offenders Mark Haydon, John Bunting and Robert Wagner)
“Backpacker murderer” May 1994 (offender Ivan Milat)
Daniel Morcombe murder December 2003 ( offender Brett Cowan)
Anita Cobby murder 1986 (offenders John Travers, Mick Murdoch, Gary, Les, and Michael Murphy)
Murder of Allison Baden - Clay (offender Gerard Baden - Clay)
Singh family murders 2003 (offender Max Sica)
Peter Falconio murder July 2001 (offender Bradley Murdoch)
Gang rapes of Greenacre September 2000 (offender Bilal Skaf)
The “Rockhampton Rapist” (Leonard Fraser) 

You are to select one (1) of the above mentioned cases and identify the following:


Part A is to consist of questions relating to the crime you have selected.

1.The definition of the word ‘crime’ is fluid and can change depending on the historical, social and geographical context. For example, crime is simply ‘what the law says it is’ (formal legal definition). From the following eight broad definitions of crime, which ones best describes your chosen crime case study and why? You may choose more than one definition. (200 words)
(1)Formal legal
(2)Social harm 
(3)Cross-cultural universal norm 
(4)Labelling approach 
(5)Human rights 
(6)Human diversity approach
(7)Historical constructions of crime
(8)Deviance / anti-social behaviour
    
2.Explain what is meant by the term ‘criminology’ and why criminology and the various theories of crime that have been developed by criminologists are useful in today’s society. (100 words)

3.How did criminology assist in apprehending the suspect/s in your chosen case study, i.e. did police engage with a criminal profiler, did investigating police seek support from criminologist? (100 words)
4.Traditional and mainstream criminologists suggest that there are numerous theories to explain why crime is committed. Some of those theories include: 
Classical theory (source of criminality is the choice of the individual) 
Positivism (including biological factors which are outside the individuals control) 
Sociological theory ( crime and opportunity and crime and culture )
Structural criminology (crimes of the powerful and less powerful)
Cultural criminology (crimes emulate the excitement from modern cultural influences) 
Environmental (green) criminology (social and environmental injustice)

Identify which theory is applied to your chosen case study. In your own words explain why you have chosen this theory and why another one of the above mentioned theories would not be suitable. (200 words)

5.In your own words describe some of the individual, situational or structural factors to explain why the offender/s committed the crime you chose. (200 words)
 
6.How do the media influence what we know about crime and subsequently, how we define crime and who or what is ‘criminal’? In your answer describe how the media reported and influenced (positively or negatively) your chosen crime case study. (200 words)

7.Does a television show like ‘Underbelly’ or a movie like the ‘Wolf of Wall Street’ glamourise and make criminal activity, including sex work, attractive? In your own words explain where the popular appeal of such crime programmes comes from. (100 words) 

8.Identify the offence committed and what legislation would cover this offence (remember the legislation will depend on in what state the offence occurred). (100 words)

9.What was the motive and the theory as to why the crime was committed (remember to cover all possible reasons i.e. financial, thrill, hiding evidence, revenge etc.)? (100 words)

10.What was the public’s response to the crime committed, and were any laws changed or new laws implemented as a result of the offence committed? (100 words)

11.What evidence was used to apprehend the offender? (100 words)

12.How do the media influence what we know about crime and subsequently, how we define crime and who or what is ‘criminal’? In your answer, include examples of the aspects of crime that are often depicted in the media. (100 words)


Part B is to consist of 1000 words relating to the crime you selected.

1.What was the punishment awarded to the guilty offender/s?

2.Are prison facilities adequately equipped to deal with the wide range of offenders that are imprisoned and explain why?

3.Do you believe the punishment and or sentence fits the crime? Make sure you justify your answer.

4.What defines a victim and how do we categorise these victims in the criminal justice system? (Think about primary and secondary victims.)

5.Do you believe the offender/s can be rehabilitated after they have served their sentence, and does incarceration work to achieve this explain your answer?

6.Identify whether there are any justice alternatives to imprisonment that could be utilised in the case you have chosen and why this might be useful in your chosen case?

7.Analyse and explain preventative and indefinite jail terms and the concepts of ‘dangerousness’ and ‘risk’ with reference to the five (5) key sentencing principles namely Proportionality, Parsimony, Totality, Consistency and Individual justice, in your answer. 

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The definition of the word ‘crime’ is fluid and can change depending on the historical, social and geographical context. For example, crime is simply ‘what the law says it is’ (formal legal definition). From the following eight broad definitions of crime, which ones best describes your chosen

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