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MOSES’S GROUND MAINTENANCE, INC. PRACTICE SET (For the Months June, July, August, & September) In the spring of 2016, Amos Moses decided to open a lawn care business. He called it Moses’s Ground Ma

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MOSES’S GROUND MAINTENANCE, INC.

 PRACTICE SET

(For the Months June, July, August, & September)

In the spring of 2016, Amos Moses decided to open a lawn care business.  He called it Moses’s Ground Maintenance, Inc.  Not only would he provide lawn care services, but he would also sell certain products that would assist his customers in maintaining a beautiful lawn, ultimately making them the envy of their neighbors.

Amos has decided to organize his business as a corporation.  Although, a sole proprietorship would be ...

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MOSES’S GROUND MAINTENANCE, INC.

 PRACTICE SET

(For the Months June, July, August, & September)

In the spring of 2016, Amos Moses decided to open a lawn care business.  He called it Moses’s Ground Maintenance, Inc.  Not only would he provide lawn care services, but he would also sell certain products that would assist his customers in maintaining a beautiful lawn, ultimately making them the envy of their neighbors.

Amos has decided to organize his business as a corporation.  Although, a sole proprietorship would be easier to set up, Amos wanted to eliminate any personal liability he might be subject to if he were to organize as a sole-proprietorship.  He realizes that it is more complicated to organize his business as a corporation and that he might pay more in taxes, but he feels it’s worth the extra cost.

Amos has hired you to be his accountant and has decided not to purchase an accounting software package at this time.  Therefore, you will be required to record all transactions manually.

You will need to set up a manual accounting system.  Therefore, you will have to create/use a general journal, a general ledger, and subsidiary ledgers.  You will be responsible for journalizing all transactions and posting them to the appropriate ledger accounts.  Additionally, you will be required to prepare a trial balance for each month, adjusting entries, an adjusted trial balance at year-end.  At year-end you will also have to prepare a set of financial statements for the company.  This will include, in proper format, an Income Statement, Statement of Retained Earnings, Balance Sheet, and a Statement of Cash Flows.  You will also be required to record and post the closing transactions and prepare a post-closing trial balance.  Moses’s Ground Maintenance, Inc. fiscal year ends September 30.  In June of 2016, Amos begins operations.

    

The following events occurred in June:

6/2 Amos opens a banks account for Moses’s Ground Maintenance, Inc. at State Bank and deposits $100,000 into his account.  Amos invests the money into his business in exchange for 50,000 shares of $1 par value common stock.

6/3 Amos issues Ck # 1000 to Moses’s Ground Maintenance to establish the Petty Cash Fund in the amount of $500.  Amos will use this account when he needs to make cash purchases.

6/ 4 Amos visits the law firm of Honest Abe for assistance on setting up his business as a corporation.

6/ 4 Amos hires Paula Rivere to design a brochure and a poster to advertise his company and the services and products he has available.

6/ 8 Amos purchases a one-year subscription for $36 (Ch # 1001) to Grass Is Us Quarterly.

6/10 Amos receives an invoice for services rendered by Honest Abe Law Firm in the amount of $2,500 – terms net 20.

6/11 Amos issues check #1002 to Paula Rievere for $3,500 for the design and printing of the brochures and posters.  The brochures and posters will be used immediately and therefore, should be expensed immediately.

6/12 Amos purchases a riding lawn mower on account from Better Grounds Wholesale Supply for $5,500.  At the same time, Amos purchases a weedwacker for $1,350 by issuing check #1003.

6/15 Amos pays $4,000 (check #1004) to purchase inventory for the business.  Amos purchases:

100 bags of weed killer at $10/bag
150 bags of fertilizer at $20/bag
Amos plans to resell these products at a 50% gross profit.

6/15 Amos has a push lawnmower that he transfers to the business in exchange for 500 shares of common stock.  The lawnmower has a fair value of $1,500.

6/16 Amos purchases a new truck and trailer for the business.  The truck costs $35,000 and the trailer $10,000.  He finances both the truck and the trailer through Pig E Bank at a rate of 8% for 5 years.  The first monthly payment is due on July 16.

NOTE:  You will need to create a loan amortization schedule to determine that amount of the monthly note and interest expense for each month.  You can use a website such as www.bankrate.com to create the schedule.  When recording your entries, adjust all amounts to the nearest dollar.

6/16 Amos purchases an auto insurance policy in the amount of $900.  Check # 1005 is issued to Farm Town Insurance.  The policy is for 6 months and covers the period from 6/16 – 12/15.  In order to provide Amos with accurate accounting information, expense the policy evenly over each of the six months.  (Note:  The adjusting entry for insurance expense will be done at the end of the fiscal year).

6/17 Amos purchases, on account, $175 worth of fuel from Git ‘n GO.  The fuel is being used in the lawn equipment.  Expense the purchase.

6/18 Amos gets his first 12-month contract to maintain a lawn.  He is going to charge his new customer, Don Notting, $200 per month.  The contract will begin on July 1.

6/21 Amos issues check # 1006 to pay the invoice received from the law firm.

6/25 Amos receives a check (#1234) from . Don Notting in the amount of $2,400 in payment of the lawn service contract.

6/29 Amos provides lawn care services for Iphelia Payne and receives $350 cash.  Iphelia is pleased with Amos’s work and will call when she needs him again.

Note:  See the first two events for July before preparing

the trial balance for June.

The following events occurred in July:   

7/1 Amos receives an invoice from you, his accountant in the amount of $2,000 (terms 3/10, n/30).  The accounting expenses should be expensed in the month that it applies – in this case June.  Therefore, record the transaction and date it June 30.

7/2 Amos receives bills for the following:  telephone - $250; water - $45; electricity - $175; cell phne - $100.  The telephone and cell phone bills are payable to TeleCom Telephone Company.  The water and utility bills are payable to Max Power Utilities.  These expenses also belong to the month of June.

7/2 Amos pays Better Grounds Wholesale Supply in full by issuing check #1007.

7/2 Amos pays Git ‘n GO in full (Check #1008).

7/11 Amos performs lawn care services as agreed for Don Notting.

7/15 Amos paid the telephone, cell phone, water and electricity bills in full (Check #’s 1009 and 1010, respectively).

7/16 Amos pays Pig E Banks the first payment on the loan of $45,000 (ck # 1011).

7/18 Amos performs lawn care services for $2,000 on account for a new customer named Luke Warn (term n/30).

7/18 Amos sells 10 bags of weed killer and 15 bags of fertilizer for cash to Iphelia Pain.  Amos is required to charge a 5% sales tax that is payable to HOGG Department of Revenue.

7/20 Amos pays you for the services you provided in June (Ch# 1012).

7/30 Amos pays $1,200 (ck # 1013) for a one-year liability insurance policy.  The policy coverage takes effect on August 1.  

Note:  See the first two events for August before preparing the trial balance for July.

                                                                

The following events occurred in August:

8/1 Amos receives an invoice from you, his accountant in the amount of $2,500 (terms 3/10, n/30).  This invoice is for services performed for the month of July.

8/2 Amos receives the following bills related to telephone and utilities used in the month of July:  telephone $150, cell phone $150, water $35, and electricity $275.  

8/3 Amos remits the sales tax (ck # 1014) to HOGG Department of Revenue.

8/7 Amos performed lawn care services for Don Notting  as contracted.

8/9 Amos pays you, his accountant, for July services (ck # 1015).

8/10  Amos receives payment from Luke Warn in full payment for services provided in July.

8/12 Amos pays the telephone, cell phone, water, and electric bills (cks # 1016 and #1017).

8/16 Amos makes his second payment on the $45,000 loan (Ck # 1018).

8/20 Amos treats you to breakfast at The Daily Grind Coffee Shop for a total cost of $25.  Amos paid this out of petty cash.

8/24 Amos performs lawn care services for Iona Frisbee for $200 cash.

8/24 Amos secures a contract with Barren View Golf Club for $5,000 per month.  Due to this increase in business, Amos hires a part-time employee, Joe Slowe.  Amos will pay Joe $10/hour.

8/25 Amos performs the services for the month of August at Barren View Golf Club.  He contacts you and asks you to send an invoice for $5,000 for the services.  Additionally, he needs you to add 50 bags of fertilizer and 25 bags of weed killer to the invoice.  Amos tells you to set the terms 2/10, n/30.  Don’t forget to charge sales taxes on the products sold. (Round to the nearest dollar).

8/30 Amos’ pays $125.00 in cash to HOGG Department of Revenue for an Occupational License for his business. Amos uses his petty cash to make this payment.

8/30 Amos ask you to issue check #1019 to Joe Slowe for the net amount owed him for time that he worked this past week.  

Joe worked 20 hours.  Amos is required to withhold the following from Joe’s pay:  federal income taxes at a rate of 15%, state income taxes at a rate of 6% and FICA taxes at a rate of 7.65%.  (Round to the nearest dollar).

You must also record a journal entry for the employer’s payroll taxes.  This includes FICA tax of 7.65% and Federal Unemployment Insurance of 6.00%.

Note:  See the first two events in September before preparing the trial balance for August.

The following events occurred in September:

9/1 Amos receives an invoice from you, his accountant in the amount of $1,500 (terms 3/10, n/30).  This is for services for the month of August.

9/2 Amos receives a bill from TeleCom Telephone in the amount of $220 and one from Max Power Utilities in the amount of $200.  These bills relate to the month of August.

9/5 Amos sells 4 bags of weed killer and 10 bags of fertilizer on account to Don Notting terms 2/10, n/30.

9/6 Amos receives check # 2222 from Barren Golf Club for full payment for the services and products invoiced in August.

9/7 Amos remits the sales taxes payable (for the month of August) to HOGG Department of Revenue (ck #1020).

9/10 Amos pays $200 cash for fuel for his equipment.  Amos uses his petty cash for this transaction.

9/16 Amos performs lawn care services for Don Notting as agreed.

9/16 Amos pays the third payment on the $45,000 loan (ck # 1021).

9/20 Amos purchases on account from Better Grounds Wholesale Supply 10 bags of weed killer at a cost of $10/bag and 10 bags of fertilizer at a cost of $20 per bag.

9/25 Amos performs lawn care services for Barren View Golf Club and ask you to send the invoice for $5,000.

9/26 Amos ask you to issue check #1022 to Joe Slowe for the net amount owed him for time that he worked this past month.  

Joe worked 60 hours during the month of September.  Amos is required to withhold the following from Joe’s pay:  federal income taxes at a rate of 15%, state income taxes at a rate of 6% and FICA taxes at a rate of 7.65%.

You must also record a journal entry for the employer’s payroll taxes.  This includes FICA tax of 7.65% and Federal Unemployment Insurance (FUTA) of 6.00%.

9/30 Amos receives payment in full on account from Don Notting for the weed killer and fertilizer he purchased on 9/5.

9/30 Amos pays Better Grounds Wholesale Supply in full for the 10 bags of weed killer and 10 bags of fertilizer purchased on 9/20 (ck #1023).

9/30 Amos remitted payment to the U.S Treasury for the federal income taxes, FICA taxes and FUTA taxes related to the August payroll (ck #1024).  In addition he remitted payment to the Louisiana Department of Revenue (ck # 1025) for the state income taxes related to the August payroll.

9/30 Amos declared and paid dividends in the amount of $6,000 (ck # 1026).

Note:  See the first three events for October before preparing the trial balance for September.

                                    

The following invoices and bills were received on October 1:

10/1 Amos receives an invoice from you, his accountant in the amount of $2,000 (terms 3/10, n/30).  The invoice is for services performed in September.

10/1 Amos received a bill from TeleCom Telephone Company relating to September services:  Telephone $250 and Cell phone $100.

10/1 Amos received a bill from Max Power Utilities for September Utilities as follows:  water $45 and electricity $200.

MOSES’ GROUND MAINTENANCE, INC.

 PRACTICE SET

(For the Months June, July, August, & September)

You are required to:

Assignment #1:  For the Month of June (4 points)

In proper General Journal format, record the transactions for the month; include brief descriptions of each transaction with your journal entry.
In proper General Journal format, record the adjusting entry to accrue the interest expense on the note with Pig E Bank.  Your interest expense will be determined by taking the unpaid balance of the note at the beginning of the month * annual interest rate * (# of days lapsed since the last note payment / 365).
Post the journal entries for the month to the general ledger accounts, use appropriate posting references.
Prepare a trial balance for the month ended.
Using proper format, create your trial balance in Microsoft Excel.  You should include all accounts that are listed in the chart of accounts, even if they do not currently have a balance.  The accounts should be in the order shown in the chart of accounts.
Submit the trial balance through Moodle.
Retain your general journals and ledgers until you have completed assignment #7.


Assignment #2:  For the Month of July (4 points)

In proper General Journal format, record the transactions for the month; include brief descriptions of each transaction with your journal entry.
In proper General Journal format, record the adjusting entry to accrue the interest expense on the note with Pig E Bank.  Your interest expense will be determined by taking the unpaid balance of the note at the beginning of the month * annual interest rate * (# of days lapsed since the last note payment / 365).
Post the journal entries for the month to the general ledger accounts, use appropriate posting references.
Prepare a trial balance at the end of the month.
Using proper format, create your trial balance in Microsoft Excel.  You should include all accounts that are listed in the chart of accounts, even if they do not currently have a balance.  The accounts should be in the order shown in the chart of accounts.
Submit the trial balance through Moodle.
Retain your general journals and ledgers until you have completed assignment #7.


Assignment #3:  For the Month of August (4 points)

In proper General Journal format, record the transactions for the month; include brief descriptions of each transaction with your journal entry.
In proper General Journal format, record the adjusting entry to accrue the interest expense on the note with Pig E Bank.  Your interest expense will be determined by taking the unpaid balance of the note at the beginning of the month * annual interest rate * (# of days lapsed since the last note payment / 365).
Post the journal entries for the month to the general ledger accounts, use appropriate posting references.
Prepare a trial balance at the end of the month.
Using proper format, create your trial balance in Microsoft Excel.  You should include all accounts that are listed in the chart of accounts, even if they do not currently have a balance.  The accounts should be in the order shown in the chart of accounts.
Submit the trial balance through Moodle.
Retain your general journals and ledgers until you have completed assignment #7.


Assignment #4:  For the Month of September (4 points)

In proper General Journal format, record the transactions for the month; include brief descriptions of each transaction with your journal entry.
In proper General Journal format, record the adjusting entry to accrue the interest expense on the note with Pig E Bank.  Your interest expense will be determined by taking the unpaid balance of the note at the beginning of the month * annual interest rate * (# of days lapsed since the last note payment / 365).
Post the journal entries for the month to the general ledger accounts, use appropriate posting references.
Prepare a trial balance at the end of the month.
Using proper format, create your trial balance in Microsoft Excel.  You should include all accounts that are listed in the chart of accounts, even if they do not currently have a balance.  The accounts should be in the order shown in the chart of accounts.
Submit the trial balance through Moodle.
Retain your general journals and ledgers until you have completed assignment #7.


Assignment #5:  Year-end Adjusting Entries (4 points)

After preparing the trial balance for the month of September, make proper general journal adjusting entries for the following items:


A.  Depreciation for all Property, Plant and Equipment.  Information related to all assets is shown in the table below:

Equipment

Life

Method

Salvage Value

Riding Mower

5 years

Straight-line

$500

Push Mower

3 years

Straight-line

$350

Weed Wacker

3 years

Straight-line

$ 0

Truck

7 years

Straight-line

$1,500

Trailer

5 years

Straight-line

$500

Moses Ground Maintenance records a full month of depreciation in the month an asset is acquired and/or disposed.  Round all depreciation amounts to the nearest dollar.

B.  Current portion of the Long-Term Note Payable to Pig E. Bank.

C.  Prepaid Insurance.

Post the adjusting entries from above to the General Ledger Accounts, use appropriate posting references.
Prepare an adjusted trial balance for September.
Using proper format, create your adjusted trial balance in Microsoft Excel.
Submit the trial balance through Moodle.
Retain your general journals and ledgers until you have completed assignment #7.


Assignment #6:  Financial Statements (10 points)

Prepare Year-End Financial Statements for Moses Ground Maintenance, Inc.  This includes the Income Statement, Statement of Retained Earnings, and Balance Sheet.
Using proper format, create your financial statements in Microsoft Word.
Submit the financial statements through Moodle.


Assignment #7:  Closing Entries (10 points)

In proper General Journal format prepare the closing entries for Moses Ground Maintenance.
Post the closing entries to the General Ledger Accounts, use appropriate posting references.
Prepare a post-closing trial balance.
Using proper format, create your post-closing trial balance in Microsoft Excel.
Submit the post-closing trial balance through Moodle.
Submit your general journals and general ledgers through Moodle.


========================================================================

MOSES GROUND MAINTENANCE, INC.

CHART OF ACCOUNTS

Cash

105

Petty Cash

107

Accounts Receivable

110

Inventory

130

Prepaid Insurance

140

Lawn Equipment

220

     Accumulated Depreciation – Lawn Equipment

221

Truck

230

     Accumulated Depreciation - Truck

231

Trailer

240

     Accumulated Depreciation - Trailer

241

Accounts Payable

310

Customer Deposits (Unearned Revenue)

320

Sales Tax Payable

330

FICA Payable

332

FUTA Payable

334

Federal Income Tax Payable

336

State Income Tax Payable

338

Current Maturities of Long-Term Debt

375

Notes Payable (long-term)

410

Interest Payable

420

Salaries & Wages Payable

425

Common Stock ($1 par value)

520

Additional Paid-in Capital on Common Stock

521

Retained Earnings

550

Dividends

560

Sales Revenue

610

Service Revenue

620

Sales Discounts

612

Sales Returns & Allowances

614

Cost of Goods Sold

710

Accounting Services Expense

720

Advertising Expense

725

Depreciation Expense

727

Dues & Subscriptions

730

Insurance Expense

735

Legal Expenses

740

Meals & Entertainment

745

Taxes and Licenses

767

Telephone  Expense

770

Utilities Expense

775

Fuel Expense

780

Interest Expense

820

Payroll Tax Expense

825

Wages Expense

830

Income Tax Expense

835

GENERAL JOURNAL

General Journal – Page 1

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 2

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 3

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 4

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 5

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 6

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 7

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

General Journal – Page 8

Date

Accounts & Explanations

PR

Debit

Credit

Moses Ground Maintenance, Inc.

General Ledger

Account:  CASH

Account #: 105

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  PETTY CASH

Account #:  107

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

Account #:  110

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  INVENTORY

Account #:  130

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  PREPAID INSURANCE

Account #:  140

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  LAWN EQUIPMENT

Account #:  220

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION –

                          LAWN EQUIPMENT

Account #:  221

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  TRUCK

Account #:  230

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION –

                         TRUCK

Account #:  231

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  TRAILER

Account #:  240

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION –

                          TRAILER

Account #:  241

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ACCOUNTS PAYABLE

Account #:  310

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  CUSTOMER DEPOSITS –

                             (UNEARNED REVENUE)

Account #:  320

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  SALES TAX PAYABLE

Account #:  330

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  FICA PAYABLE

Account #:  332

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  FUTA PAYABLE

Account #:  334

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  FEDERAL INCOME TAX PAYABLE

Account #:  336

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  STATE INCOME TAX PAYABLE

Account #:  338

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  CURRENT MATURITIES OF L/T DEBT

Account #:  375

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  NOTES PAYABLE (LONG-TERM)

Account #:  410

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  INTEREST PAYABLE

Account #:  420

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  SALARIES & WAGES PAYABLE

Account #:  425

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  COMMON STOCK ($1 PAR VALUE)

Account #:  520

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITAL –

                         COMMON STOCK

Account #:  521

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  RETAINED EARNINGS

Account #:  550

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  DIVIDENDS

Account #:  560

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  SALES REVENUE

Account #:  610

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  SERVICE REVENUE

Account #:  620

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  SALES DISCOUNTS

Account #:  612

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  SALES RETURNS & ALLOWANCES

Account #:  614

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  COST OF GOODS SOLD

Account #:  710

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ACCOUNTING SERVICE EXPENSE

Account #:  720

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  ADVERTISING EXPENSE

Account #:  725

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  DEPRECIATION EXPENSE

Account #:  727

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  DUES & SUBSCRIPTIONS

Account #:  730

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  INSURANCE EXPENSE

Account #:  735

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  LEGAL EXPENSE

Account #:  740

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  MEALS & ENTERTAINMENT

Account #:  745

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  TAXES & LICENSES

Account #:  767

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  TELEPHONE EXPENSE

Account #:  770

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  UTILITIES EXPENSE

Account #:  775

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  FUEL EXPENSE

Account #:  780

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  INTEREST EXPENSE

Account #:  820

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  PAYROLL TAX EXPENSE

Account #:  825

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  WAGES EXPENSE

Account #:  830

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  INCOME TAX EXPENSE

Account #:  835

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

Account:  

Account #:  

Date

Explanation

REF

Debit

Credit

Balance

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