Harbour Cruises Limited started business on 1 July 2015 and completed its first statement of comprehensive income and first statement of financial position on 30 June 2016. The statements are prepared before considering taxation. The following information is available:
Statement of comprehensive income for the year ended 30 June 2016
Gross profit $912,500
Administration expenses $100,000
Long-service leave 25,000 Warranty expenses 37,500
Depreciation expense-plant 100,000
Insurance 25,000 537,500
Accounting profit before tax $375,000
Assets and-liabilities (extract)
Statement of financial position as at 30 June 2016
Accounts receivable 125,000 Prepaid insurance 12,500 Plant-cost 500,000
less Accumulated depreciation 100 000 400,000
Total assets $687,500
Accounts payable $100,000
Provision for warranty expenses 25,000
Loan payable 250,000
Provision for long-service leave 25,000 expenses
Total liabilities $400,000
Net assets $287,500
•AlI administration and salaries expenses incurred have been paid as at year end.
•None of the long-service leave expense has actually been paid. It is not deductible until it is actually paid.
•Warranty expenses were accrued and, at year end, actual payments of $12,500 had been made (leaving an accrued balance of $2,500).
•Deductions are available only when the amounts are paid and not as they are accrued.
•Insurance was initially prepaid to the amount of $37,500. At year end, the unused component of the prepaid insurance amounted to $12,500. Actual amounts paid are allowed as a tax deduction.
•Amounts received from sales, including those on credit terms, are taxed at the time the sale is made.
•The plant is depreciated over five years for accounting purposes, but over four years for taxation purposes.
•The tax rate is 30 per cent.
Calculate the taxable income, complete a deferred tax worksheet and identify the changes for the year to deferred taxation and complete the taxation journal entries at the year-end.
For each of the following Independent situations you are to establish whether control does or does not exist. If control does exist you are to state which party controls the entity. In your answer you are to give reasons for your answers and make reference to, and show the relevance of, the appropriate paragraphs in AASB10.
(a)Alfred Ltd is owned 50 per cent by Victoria Ltd and 50 per cent by Kaiser Ltd (the founding shareholders). Each has two seats on the board, with no party having a casting vote, although Victoria Ltd appoints the managing director.
Profits are split 50-50 after the provision of the managing director's salary. Kaiser Ltd has agreed that it will pay a management fee to Victoria Ltd, equivalent to 50 per cent of the results for the year, in the event of a loss. Victoria Ltd is the holder of 10 options, which are exercisable at any time at a 10 per cent discount to the fair value of the shares as at the exercise date.
(b)Ludmilla Ltd, Milner Ltd and Gray Ltd are each 33.3 per cent shareholders of Northern Properties Pty Ltd, a small proprietary company that is involved in the fishing Industry. Ludmilla Ltd and Gray Ltd are passive shareholders with one board seat each out of a total of three. Milner Ltd has one board seat and is also involved in the day-to-day running of the business.
(c)Wanguri Ltd is a 51 per cent shareholder in Driver Ltd and currently has two out of five board seats. Brinkin Ltd is the remaining 49 per cent shareholder and currently has the other three seats. Wanguri Ltd is a passive shareholder as it is happy with the way Brinkin Ltd has been running the company.
(d)Red Stocking Pty Ltd is a family-run business that has not managed to keep up with technical innovations within the industry. As a result the company has lost market share to its competitors. This year the company’s bank, Sue and Grabbit, seized the company's assets. The bank converted all the debt into equity and had two of the bank’s directors appointed to Red Stocking Pty Ltd’s board. The board has a total of four members. The bank has not decided what to do with the company's assets, as they have little recoverable value and would not realise a great deal if sold. One option is to invest further equity into the company, buy more up-to-date equipment and attempt to trade on and sell the business as a going concern.
(e)Nim Ltd is a 30 per cent shareholder of Rod Co. Pty Ltd. The other shareholders have smaller shareholdings (around 8 to 12 per cent) and are always too busy to attend annual general meetings. Nim Ltd has two nonexecutive seats on the board and the remaining three are held by other shareholders, one chief executive officer who is a shareholder and two non-executives, who do make an attempt to attend board meetings.
(f)Side Mount Ltd, a diving equipment supplier, started business 12 years ago and is 60 per cent owned by Dual Tank Ltd. Side Mount Ltd has been very successful generating on average profits of $500 000 annually. Unfortunately due to the downturn in the industry the company has had financial problems and has failed to meet its loan commitments with its bank. The bank has taken a more hands on approach to monitoring the company's activities so that it can obtain repayment of its debt. The company is now required to seek the bank's authorisation prior to any expenditure over $5000. Changes to the way the company operates can only be implemented with the bank's approval.
Q3. The following information has been extracted from the financial statements of Luke Ltd and its subsidiary John Ltd at 30 June 2016.
Luke Ltd ($) John Ltd ($)
Reconciliation of opening and closing retained earnings
Sales revenue 1,380,000 1,160,000
Cost of goods sold (928,000) (476,000)
Gross profit 452,000 684,000
Dividends revenue from John Ltd 148,800 ---
Management fee revenue 53,000 ---
Profit on sale of plant 70,000 ---
Administrative expenses (61,600) (77,400)
Depreciation (49,000) (113,600)
Management fee expense --- (53,000)
Other expenses (202,200) (154,000)
Profit before tax 411,000 286,000
Tax expense 123,000 84,400
Profit for the year 288,000 201,600
Retained earnings-30 June 2015 638,800 478,400
Dividends paid (274,800) (186,000)
Retained earnings-30 June 2016 652,000 494,000
Statements of financial position
Retained earnings 652,000 494,000
Share capital 700,000 400,000
Accounts payable 109,400 92,600
Tax payable 82,600 50,000
Loans 347,000 232,000
Accounts receivable 118,800 124,600
Inventory 184,000 58,000
Land and buildings 448,000 652,000
Plant -at cost 599,700 711,600
Accumulated depreciation (171,500) (277,600)
Investment in John Ltd 712,000 ---
•Luke Ltd acquired its 80 per cent interest in John Ltd on 1 July 2007, that is nine years earlier. At that date the capital and reserves of John Ltd were:
Share capital $400,000
Retained earnings $340,000 $740,000
At the date of acquisition all assets were considered to be fairly valued.
•The management of Luke Ltd use the partial goodwill method.
•During the year Luke Ltd made total sales to John Ltd of $130,000, while John Ltd sold $104,000 in inventory to Luke Ltd.
•The opening inventory in Luke Ltd as at 1 July 2015 included inventory acquired from John Ltd for $84,000 that cost John Ltd $70,000 to produce.
. The closing inventory in Luke Ltd includes inventory acquired from John Ltd at a cost of $67,200. This cost John Ltd $56,000 to produce
The closing inventory of John Ltd includes inventory acquired from Luke Ltd at a cost of $24,000. This cost Luke Ltd $19,200 to produce.
The management of Luke Ltd believe that goodwill acquired was impaired by$6,000 in the year to 30th June 2016. The balance on the accumulated impairments of goodwill account brought forward was $45,000.
On 1 July 2015 Luke Ltd sold an item of plant to John Ltd for $232,000 when its carrying value in Luke Ltd's accounts was $162,000 (cost $270,000, accumulated depreciation $108,000).
This plant is assessed as having a remaining useful life of six years.
John Ltd paid $53,000 in management fees to Luke Ltd.
The tax rate is 30 per cent.
Prepare the consolidation worksheet JOURNAL ENTRIES for the preparation of consolidated financial statements by Luke Ltd at 30 June 2016.
NOTE a consolidation worksheet is NOT required.
Your answer should include an acquisition analysis with a calculation of goodwill, pre-acquisition entries, dividend adjustments, intragroup sales and transfers, and a calculation of the non-controlling interest.
On 1 July 2015 Rapid Ltd purchased 40 per cent of the ordinary shares of Creek Ltd for $3 250 000.
The remaining 60 per cent of the ordinary shares of Creek Ltd are owned by two shareholders, Market Ltd, which owns 40 per cent of the shares, and Wholefoods Ltd, which owns 20 per cent of the shares.
Creek Ltd’s constitution provides that at general meetings of the company, ordinary shareholders are entitled to vote on resolutions and elect directors, on the basis of one vote per ordinary share. Creek Ltd’s five-member board of directors consists of:
•two representatives of Rapid Ltd
•two representatives of Market Ltd • one representative of Wholefoods Ltd..
Chapter 32: ACCOUNTING FOR INVESTMENTS IN ASSOCIATE S AND JOINT VENTURES 41
Each member of Creek Ltd’s board of directors is entitled to one vote on issues/resolutions being considered by the board of directors.
The statement of financial position of Creek Ltd immediately before the investment was as follows:
Statement of financial position as at 1 July 2015
Accounts receivable 690,000
(Accumulated depreciation) (1,620,000)
Plant and equipment 2,760,000
(Accumulated depreciation) (552,000)
Total assets $15,750,000
Accounts payable 1,050,000
Bank loans 4,650,000
Deferred tax liability Shareholder’s equity 1,500,000
Share capital 5,400,000
Revaluation surplus 2,250,000
Retained earnings 900,000
Total shareholder’s equity and liabilities $15,750,000
•On 1 July 2015, all the identifiable net assets of Creek Ltd were considered to be recorded at fair value in Creek Ltd’s statement of financial position, except land, which had a fair value of $4,050,000 on 1 July 2015.
•On 30 June 2016, the recoverable amount of goodwill relating to the purchase of Creek Ltd by Rapid Ltd was assessed to be $270,000.
•On 14 July 2015, Creek Ltd declared and paid an interim dividend of $240,000, out of profits earned during the 2014–15 financial year.
•During 2015–16, Creek Ltd earned a profit after income tax expense of $870,000, from which it paid a final dividend of $390,000.
•During 2016–17, Creek Ltd earned a profit after income tax expense of $1,020,000, from which it declared a final dividend of $480,000.
•On 30 June 2017, Creek Ltd revalued its land (to fair value as at that date) to $4,350,000 The income tax rate is 40 per cent.
(a)Explain how Rapid Ltd should classify its investment in Creek Ltd, in accordance with accounting standards.
(b)Prepare the journal entries to account for Rapid Ltd’s investment in Creek Ltd, in Rapid Ltd’s individual accounts, for the financial years ending 30 June 2016 and 30 June 2017, in accordance with AASB 128 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures, assuming that Rapid is a parent entity.
(c)Prepare the journal entries to account for Rapid Ltd’s investment in Creek Ltd, in Rapid Ltd’s individual accounts, for the financial years ending 30 June 2016 and 30 June 2017, in accordance with AASB 128 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures, assuming that Rapid is not a parent entity.
(d)Prepare the consolidation worksheet journal entries to account for Rapid Ltd’s investment in Creek Ltd, for the financial years ending 30 June 2016 and 30 June 2017, in accordance with AASB 128 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures, assuming that Rapid Ltd is a parent entity.
Q5. A liquidator was appointed after Oh Dear Pty Ltd was declared insolvent on 1 July 2016. The company’s assets realised $71,250,000. This came from the sale of the secured land and buildings for $37,500,000 and other assets which were sold for $33,750,000.
The creditors totalled $81,750,000, and were made up of the following amounts:
Secured creditor $45,000,000, receiver’s costs when realising secured asset $750,000, liquidator’s expenses $3,000,000, unsecured trade payables $12,000,000, tax payable $5,250,000, local government rates $1,500,000, staff wages payable $4,500,000, executive directors’ wages payable
(5 directors) $2,250,000, staff leave entitlements $750,000, executive directors’ leave entitlements (5 directors) $750,000, unsecured bank overdraft $3,750,000, and dividends payable $2,250,000.
You are required to rank the above creditors and then to calculate how much each creditor would be paid.
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