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1.Explain the doctrine of separation of powers including a brief description of the role of the three (3) arms of government. 2.Explain the “Rule of Law” principal and discuss how it applies within th

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1.Explain the doctrine of separation of powers including a brief description of the role of the three (3) arms of government.
2.Explain the “Rule of Law” principal and discuss how it applies within the Australian Justice system.
3.Identify three (3) legislative powers of both the State and Federal governments respectively. Compare these legislative powers and explain why it is essential for each level of government to have different law making powers.
4.List and briefly discuss two (2) disadvantages of precedent.
5.Discuss the two (2) questions asked ...

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Question Preview:

1.Explain the doctrine of separation of powers including a brief description of the role of the three (3) arms of government.
2.Explain the “Rule of Law” principal and discuss how it applies within the Australian Justice system.
3.Identify three (3) legislative powers of both the State and Federal governments respectively. Compare these legislative powers and explain why it is essential for each level of government to have different law making powers.
4.List and briefly discuss two (2) disadvantages of precedent.
5.Discuss the two (2) questions asked by judges to determine whether or not they must follow the decision made in an earlier case and provide two advantages of utilising precedent cases.

Scenario 1

One Saturday evening, before he was arrested on drug possession charges, David ‘Evil’ Keneval (38 years old) was enjoying himself at a BBQ at his neighbour’s house. After a few beers ‘Evil’ decided to enter into a conversation with his neighbour, Jack Green. Keneval and Green began by talking about football however the conversation turned to the question of refugees. The conversation quickly became very heated as Keneval’s father was a refugee and Green was a ‘bogan’ and extremely racist. Green finally lost his temper and yelled to Keneval “you and your lot should go back to where you came from”. 
Keneval then lost his temper and retaliated by smashing the top off his VB stubby bottle and glassed Green in the face. The police and an ambulance were called. Green suffered from a large laceration to his right cheek requiring 80 stitches ($1,500 in medical expenses) and was unable to return to work for two months ($8,000 lost wages). He was further devastated when his girlfriend left him due to the hideous injury to his face. 
The police subsequently charged Keneval with 1 x Wounding pursuant to s.323(1) of the Criminal Code which states:
(1)A person who unlawfully wounds anyone else commits a misdemeanour.  
Maximum penalty – 7 years imprisonment.
Based on the above scenario answer the following questions.
6.Explain two (2) options police have for commencing criminal proceedings against Keneval (bringing him before the court). Discuss which option you would consider is more appropriate and why.
7.Use your knowledge of the criminal justice process to explain the implications of David Kenevel entering a plea of not guilty. Explain the court process Keneval would be subject to if he chose to plead not guilty to the offence. Use the following sub-headings to structure your response.
(a)The relevant steps in the criminal court process (which courts will he appear in and why).
(b)The classification of the offence Keneval is being charged with. (Hint: Is it a crime/misdemeanour/simple offence? Is it indictable/non-indictable?)
(c)Which court has jurisdiction to hear the matter? Explain the steps you took to arrive at your final answer.
8.Use your knowledge of the criminal justice process to discuss three (3) possible court outcomes Keneval may be subject to.
9.Judge Brown heard a matter, similar to Keneval’s two months ago in the matter of R v Jones (2015). In this matter the Judge stated the following:
….Mr Jones, I have taken into consideration all of the mitigating factors, especially your background as a refugee and English as your second language when sentencing you today. However, you still lost your temper and assaulted a man using a beer bottle which resulted in serious injuries to the victim. This is unacceptable in our society and requires an appropriate punishment. As such I am sentencing you to 3 years imprisonment, wholly suspended….
With this case in mind, what do you think Mr Keneval’s sentence should be? Apply the above case to the matter at hand and justify and explain your decision. (5.3) Compare and contrast the decision R v Jones with the current matter in order to recommend an appropriate sentence.
10.Could Green (the victim in this criminal matter) pursue a civil case against Keneval? If so, discuss in detail what kind of civil action could be brought.
11.Compare and contrast the terms an act of ‘battery’ under the law of torts and the act of assault under the criminal law? 
12.Compare and contrast the differences between any civil actions Green may pursue and the criminal proceedings instigated by police (outline how civil cases are different from criminal including the onus of proof required for both civil and criminal law). 
(a)Which party initiates the proceedings and why?
(b)Who has the burden/onus of proof?
(c)What the standard of proof is for each matter?
13.Discuss at least two (2) advantages of having a court hierarchy.
14.Compare and contrast the QLD Courts in order of hierarchy ensuring that the maximum terms of imprisonment and civil claims amounts are included.
15.Discuss the significance of the following parts of a statute.
(a)Act Number
(b)Definitions
(c)Sections
(d)Chapters
16.Use your knowledge of the law making process to explain the six (6) steps for passing a bill.
17.Discuss each of the following common law statutory interpretations.
(a)Literal Rule
(b)Golden Rule
(c)Mischief Rule (Purposive Approach)
18.Construct a flow chart to illustrate the seven (7) steps a civil proceeding follows through Australia’s civil law system.
19.Recently, the ACT Government introduced a law allowing for marriage for same sex couples. The Commonwealth challenged that legislation.
Discuss how this conflict between the ACT and the Commonwealth legislation was resolved.
20.With reference to Scenario 1 above; the matter has proceeded to trial before a judge and jury. Discuss the role in court proceedings of the parties representing:
(a)the defendant and
(b)the crown
(c)Presuming that the case progressed to a trial before a judge and jury, discuss the role that the judge would play.
21.Discuss the role of precedent in the court’s determination of the matter.
22.With reference to the scenario above; the defendant has now been charged with “grievous bodily harm” instead of “Wounding”. 
(a)Where would you find the definition of this term that the court must use?
(b)If the term was not defined in legislation, discuss where else the judge/magistrate may look for guidance when interpreting the meaning of the term and provide the legislative reference that supports this approach?

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1.
The term doctrine refers to functions, responsibilities and duties which are found to be specific are integrated with jurisdiction with competence. The doctrine of separation of powers mainly related with three arms and they include legislative, executive and judicial authorities.

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