What is the difference between a civil war and a revolution? The fundamental distinction is between whom the conflicts are fought. A revolution and wars are both fights and wars. A revolution is a struggle conducted to remove a government in the hopes of establishing a new society, whereas a civil war is fought amongst citizens of the same country.
Both the Civil War and the American Revolution were conflicts waged in the name of progress. The expansive grounds for both fights, including differences of thought, division of the people over concerns, and unbreakable relationships, are only a few reasons why the Civil War and the American Revolution might be referred to as revolutions and civil wars, respectively.
There were significant contrasts between the reasons for the American Revolution and the Civil War. The colonists who fled Britain in quest of religious liberty also aspired to total independence from the United Kingdom. Great Britain first left the colonies alone, but as the British government grew increasingly engaged, the colonists realized they had no choice except to fight for their independence. The nine-year French and Indian War were fought between France and the American colonies, aided by the British. To assist pay for the troops utilized in this war, the British government decided to tax the American colonies. The colonists were not pleased with the imposition of additional levies and laws.
They believed that they should not be taxed because they were not represented in the British Parliament. "No taxation without representation," as articulated in Give Me Liberty! Fifth Seagull Edition became their rallying cry (185). Protests erupted, such as the Boston Tea Party, to which the British responded with laws and levies aimed at controlling and punishing the colonies. The British did not gain control of the territories; instead, the colonies became more unified, eventually leading to the American Revolution. The Civil War was sparked by a split between the North and the South, with slavery being the principal battleground. Enslaved people were no longer required in the northern states of the Americas, and many people believed slavery was evil. Slavery was to be outlawed, which caused a lot of tension for the inhabitants of the South.
Slavery was still in high demand in the South, as farming remained the primary source of revenue. In addition to slavery, other factors had a role in the Civil War. The struggle for states' rights was something the southern states believed they were losing, and with the US moving westward, the South worried a change in power between the North and the South would result in them losing their rights. The election of anti-slavery President Abraham Lincoln prompted southern states to secede from the US, resulting in the formation of the Confederate States of America. The Civil War began when Abraham Lincoln dispatched troops to prevent the South from fleeing the country.
Both the American Revolution and the Civil War employed extremely similar weaponry. The musket was the most common weapon used throughout the American Revolution. The musket was loaded via the muzzle, taking 15 to 20 seconds for most men. A bayonet, a metal blade about 17 inches long, was attached to the musket's end by the majority of men. The musket was also employed at the start of the Civil Conflict, but as the war proceeded, they switched to rifles, which were more accurate and had a larger range. Other weapons employed in both the American Revolution and the Civil War was cannons, which were occasionally fired directly at the enemy and were used to sink ships and damage structures. Submarines and ironclad ships were new to combat during the Civil War, and they would transform the way vessels were utilized in battle.
The Battle of Saratoga was a major turning point in the Revolutionary War, while the Battle of Gettysburg was a major turning point in the Civil War. The triumph of the Americans against the British at Saratoga persuaded the French government to enter the war as an ally. The Confederacy's defeat at Gettysburg shifted the Civil War's tide in the Union's favour.
With the signing of the Treaty of Paris at the end of the American Revolution, the British agreed to grant America its independence in exchange for the Americans repaying the money owing to Britain before the conflict. The struggle for independence from the United Kingdom had concluded. As stated by battlefields.org in the following text, this combat ended with a huge loss of lives:
"The Constitution was changed to liberate the slaves, ensure 'equal protection under the law' for American citizens, and allow black males the right to vote" after the Confederacy was defeated at the end of the Civil War (battlefields.org). As battlefields.org points out in the following line, the Civil War cost a lot of lives:
The American Revolution was waged to attain total independence from Britain. However, not everyone in the colony agreed on what should be done. The American Revolution was fought between British colonists who were still enslaved by the British government and the British government, making it a civil war. Some individuals wanted to mend the connection with the United Kingdom and those who sought total independence, making this fight a revolution and a civil war due to ideological disagreements.
Slavery and state rights were at the heart of the Civil War. It was a fight that the people of the North thought would keep the United States intact. Because the South had lawfully seceded from the old Union and the Confederacy was an unknown entity in North America, the struggle could be considered both a civil war and a revolution. The Civil War may be labelled a revolution, and the Revolution civil war, due to the huge reasons for both fights, including differences of thought, separation of people over concerns, and unbreakable relationships.
Author: Jack Samule
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