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Research Report: BCO6603 Enterprise Resource Planning Systems

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Table of Contents

  1. ERP Systems in the Cloud. 2
  2. Introduction. 2
  3. Overview of ERP Systems in Cloud. 2
  4. Types of ERP System.. 4
  5. Literature review of Cloud and ERP technology. 5
  6. Case Study Analysis of ERP in Cloud. 6
  7. Benefits of ERP in Cloud. 7
  8. Drawbacks of ERP in Cloud. 8
  9. Recommendations for ERP in Cloud. 9
  10. Conclusion. 10
  11. References. 11 

ERP Systems in the Cloud-

1. Introduction

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) has been the source of developing the effective alignment of information and development of the strategies (Beaulieu et al. 2015). The ERP includes the utilisation of the set of software and deploying the inclusion of the innovative alignment of the activities. The ERP system would support the integration of the information on a single platform for ensuring ease of the access and effective development of the business process integration using a single repository of data. The addition of the cloud technology would enable the knowledge-based operations and remote access for accessing and developing the innovative work alignment. The cloud computing management had included the formation of the remote access for all scales of the business management. The remote access would help the organisation for aligning the formation of the innovative alignment management (Schunselaaret al. 2017). The utilised integration of ERP and Cloud would form the integration and alignment of the database and integrate implied management.

The following section would include the utilisation of the various literatures (journals and articles) for ensuring the documentation of the research report on the cloud based ERP system. The documentation would include the analysis of the types of the ERP system used for Cloud management. The integration of the aligned management would be developed with the consideration of the innovative work function management. The aligned documentation for the analytic work formation can be formed with the consideration of the successful compilation of the report including the case study analysis of the RAMCO for the analysis of the possible utilisation of the innovative and improved work function alignment. The analysis would comply with the integration of the journals and literature for aligning the reporting the research processes. The last sections of the report would provide the recommendations and potential of the ERP systems in the cloud for various business organisations.

2. Overview of ERP Systems in Cloud

Ahmad, Ahmad, and Jamshed (2015) have stated that the ERP system technology includes the elements of the database server, applications for data module, and a large amount of data to be managed and these elements are termed as ERP resources. The ERP resources are managed, maintained, and hosted by the ERP user organisation. Most of the organisations have been using the on-premise technologies for managing their ERP solution. It has resulted in exhausting a huge sum of money and the utilisation of large facilities and technologies. The impact of these expenses has reflected on the net revenue generation of the business organisations. However, the cloud technology can be used for improving such scenario and reducing the overall expenses. In the cloud based ERP, the ERP vendor would manage and integrate the works considering the listing of the successful alignment of the business processes. The business organisation would not have to install any hardware or extra facility for getting the benefit of cloud based ERP facilities.

The internet-based cloud connection of the business organisation with the ERP cloud vendor provider would be required for the implication of the innovative technology solutions. The use of such technologies would enable the alignment of the wireless access for the data available for the analysis. The ERP cloud vendor would access the shared data and information for developing the analysis reports with the help of the facilities deployed at their centre (Ai-Min, Hong and Hao 2016). The completion of the analysis of the reports would form the final reports, and it would be available for the integration of the successful alignment of the innovation works. The strategy and process improvements would be done following the report provided by the ERP cloud vendor. The business organisation would be able to access the shared information whenever possible using authentic login access. However, it had given rise to some privacy and security issues of the business organisations.

3. Types of ERP System

According to Nowak and Kurbel(2016), there are three types of ERP namely On-Premise ERP system, Hosted ERP system, and Cloud ERP system that has become easily available for the various business organisations. The various organisations (small, SME, and Large Scale) use these ERP solutions for their business processes.

The explanations of the three ERPs and their comparisons have been given below,

 

On-Premise ERP system

Hosted ERP system

Cloud ERP system

Description

The On-Premise ERP system technology includes the resources of a database server, applications for data module, and a large amount of data to be managed (López and Ishizaka 2017). The ERP resources are managed, maintained, and hosted by the ERP user organisation. It has resulted in exhausting a huge sum of money and the utilisation of large facilities and technologies.

In Hosted ERP system technology, the business organisation buys the license required for the ERP software and installs the system on any other infrastructure (Third party vendor) (Nowak and Kurbel 2016). It is also termed as information as a service (IaaS).

In the cloud based ERP, the ERP vendor would manage and integrate the works using the internet-based cloud connection with the business organisation. The ERP cloud vendor would access the shared data and information for developing the analysis reports with the help of the facilities deployed at their centre(López and Ishizaka 2017).

Requirements

The requirements of on-premise ERP solution would include a database server, applications for data module, and a large amount of data. The infrastructure would be required for ERP implementation.

A third vendor would be required and the consultation with the external contractor for the ERP based solutions

An ERP cloud vendor would be required that can provide the facilities required by the business solution

Costing

Very high as it would require the implication of the hardware tools, software, and infrastructure for successful ERP solution

Comparatively low as the infrastructure would be rented from a third party

Lowest as the ERP cloud vendor would use all of their facilities, and no specific facility would be required to be used

Ease of Usage

Very Difficult, use expertise and training

Difficult as all the works of data transfer would be done manually

Very Easy, as all the operations would be done effectively by the ERP cloud vendor

Used By

Small industries and companies

SME and Large industries and companies

SME and Large industries and companies

 4. Literature review of Cloud and ERP technology

In the cloud based ERP, the ERP vendor would manage and integrate the works using the internet-based cloud connection with the business organisation. According to Gupta et al. (2017), the ERP cloud vendor would access the shared data and information for developing the analysis reports with the help of the facilities deployed at their centre. The business organisation would not require any infrastructure for operations. The ERP systems can focus on a large set of data and processes. It can even support all the business processes of the business organisation. The ERP integrates the database and cloud information for integration with the innovative alignment of the successful development works. The study by Reffad, Alti and Roose(2016), have shown that the adoption of ERP communication would be deployed with the alignment of the innovative and effective cloud function alignment. The ERP using cloud based would be implied with the continuation of the innovative and effective deployment of the activities.

According to Lee, Wong and Hoo(2017), the cloud technology has been defined with the utilisation of improved innovation and smart work development. The integration of the potential technology development for the business organisation would comply with the smart listing of documentation. The IT resource identification and the utilisation of the third party pool would be supported by the use of the virtual web storage. The physical hosting of the data and ERP solution in the third stage alignment would be successfully implied with the continuation of the innovative processes. () have pointed out that the integration of the cloud computing and the utilisation of the implied management of the activities. The factors defining the innovative work performance management would be formed with the cloud technology and the ERP based business analytics (Khazaeli, Javadpour and Knapp 2015). The cloud vendors would integrate the work for the definition of the operations and formation of the successful project work completion.

However, scholars like Jalil and Bakar(2017) have argued that although cloud based ERP system would ease the work and reduce the overall cost of the business operations, it would bring about a major concern of security and privacy infiltrations. The technology of ERP cloud based works with the use of wireless access and storage. The technology of wireless (cloud) has been the target of many cyber criminals and hackers. It is possible that the cybercriminals and hackers might intervene in the system of ERP cloud based storage for their benefits. The privacy infiltration would also result in manipulating the data or copying it. The manipulation of the data would result in wrong data inference and formation of the successful implication management. The copying of data would violate the integrity of the data and copyrights (AL-Shboul 2018). The cybercriminals might misuse the information so that the above information would be resulted due to infringement of the storage.

5. Case Study Analysis of ERP in Cloud

The RAMCO Company has been providing research and development for the listing of the research and development processes (Seethamraju 2015). They have been using the technology development for integrating their research works with the available data and articles. The integration would also deploy the implication of the successive work alignment and process development. The cloud ERP suite would be used in RAMCO for extending the facilities of the organisation with the help of enterprise Add on options for the customers. The industry-specific solutions of RAMCO would be integrated with the consideration of the advanced planning, optimisation, process control development, and analytics for the advancement. The practical works of the project would be formed with the considerations of the SQA, model-based, componentized, and multi-tenant management and alignment with the formation of the successful and cohesive alignment integration. The integration of the cloud based ERP would help in aligning the operations of BPO, Device modulation, Premise works, Private Cloud integration, and public cloud sharing (Saa et al. 2017).

The innovation would be formed with the utilisation of the RAMCO ERP on the cloud for easing their operations and listing cohesive work integration. The RAMCO ERP on Cloud would take care of the activities of finance and accounting, production, sales and distribution, quality management, inventory and procurement, dealer management, maintenance, and HCM (Cheng and Lin 2018). The functions of an existing booking, wizard interface alignment, embedded workflow, and data upload are some of the facilities of the innovative work alignment and development. These functions would be supported by using the options of analytics, eSignature, device integration, SOA integration, collaboration, Geospatial integration, operations and planning, and solutions for controlling enterprise processes. The RAMCO ERP cloud would take part in planning, managing, and integration of the works aligned with the continuation of the former management process. The integration would also be aligned with the utilisation of the innovative and aligned management of activities.

6. Benefits of ERP in Cloud

The benefits of analysing the ERP cloud based technology for business organisations are faster operations, integrated database, and wireless access.

These benefits are being explained below,

Faster Operations: The use of the ERP cloud based would help in increasing the operations of the organisation. The advanced planning and optimisation would be developed with the continuation of the implied management and cohesive work completion (Popa and Vaida 2016). The single platform for all work alignment would ensure that the alignment would be formed comprehensively. The increased operations would be formed with the listing of the dates and alignment management. The faster access to information would be eased with the utilisation of the successful integration and formation of the support for the innovative innovation development.

Integrated Database: The integrated database would support the utilisation of the successful work function integration and the compliance of the business processes (Jalil and Bakar 2017). The integrated database would be developed with the alignment of the successful and integrated data management and alignment. The formation would be developed with the continuation of the aligned project integration management. The integrated database would comply with the management of the innovative information listing. The database would be developed with the implication of the innovative work alignment and management. The database would be cloud based on the integration of the aligned work completion and development.

Wireless Access: The wireless access of the cloud computing would be developed by the implied management and operations. The wireless access would be eased with the integration of innovative work alignment and development. The wireless access would be formed with the utilisation of the remote access from various locations (Reffad, Alti and Roose 2016). The integrated database can be accessed from anywhere with the help of remote access.It would help in easing the information development access with the formation of innovative alignment management. The alignment would be eased with the continuation of the aligned work completion management.

7. Drawbacks of ERP in Cloud

The major drawbacks of using the ERP based on the cloud are threats of security, dependency on a vendor, and network issues.

The explanation of the drawbacks of the ERP in the cloud is given below,

Threats of Security:The technology of ERP cloud based works with the use of wireless access and storage. The technology of wireless (cloud) has been the target of many cyber criminals and hackers. The cybercriminals and hackers might intervene in the system of ERP cloud based storage for their benefits. The privacy infiltration would also result in manipulating the data or copying it(Popa and Vaida 2016). The manipulation of the data would result in wrong data inference and formation of the successful implication management. The copying of data would violate the integrity of the data and copyrights. The cybercriminals might misuse the information so that the above information would be resulted due to infringement of the storage.

Dependency on Vendor:The major issue in the implication of the cloud is the dependency on the vendor as the cloud based ERP is not the on-premise system. The dependency on the vendor would be a major problem because the vendor might be unavailable for the implication of the continuous integration management (Schunselaaret al. 2017). The vendor would be responsible for the execution of the implied work development and continuation. The issues of the vendor dependency would result in a major setback for the integration and management of the activities. The vendor alignment had resulted in taking care of the listing and deploying the formation management.

Network Issues: The network issues would result in the delay of compiling the innovative and effective integration issues for the formation and aligning the innovative alignment of works. The network connection is a crucial aspect of the cloud based ERP system (Lee, Wong and Hoo 2017).The internet-based cloud connection of the business organisation with the ERP cloud vendor provider would be required for the implication of the innovative technology solutions. The use of such technologies would enable the alignment of the wireless access for the data available for the analysis. Hence, network communication is a major aspect of aligning the development of successive and effective work alignment.

8. Recommendations for ERP in Cloud

Some recommendations for the ERP based on cloud technology for improving the operations are given below,

Security Consideration: The authentication, password protection, encryption, and pin development would be carried on with the utilisation of effective security policies for the ERP cloud management. The copying of data would violate the integrity of the data and copyrights. The cybercriminals might misuse the information so that the above information would be resulted due to infringement of the storage. Hence, security functions would be developed with the considerations for the improved innovation and development.

Advanced BI (Business Intelligence) tools: BI tools would be required for automatic alignment of the data analytics and use critical thinking for taking logical decisions. The BI works similarly as AI (Artificial Intelligence) for ensuring that proper logic and deduction theory is used for coming on any inference after analysis.

Training and Induction: The training and induction of the staff and employees would be helpful for ensuring that they would be able to utilise the ERP system integrated with cloud probability. The employees and staff would be responsible for the alignment of the works as all the initial works are in their responsibility. Hence, it is important for ensuring that they can integrate the works and align with the continuation of the aligned work completion.

9. Conclusion

The above report had included the evaluation of the various sources (journals and articles) for ensuring the documentation of the research report on the cloud based ERP system. ERP had been the source of developing the effective alignment of information and development of the strategies. The documentation had included the analysis of the types of the ERP system used for Cloud management. The ERP includes the utilisation of the set of software and deploying the inclusion of the innovative alignment of the activities. The integration of the aligned management had been developed with the consideration of the innovative work function management. The ERP system had supported the integration of the information on a single platform for ensuring ease of the access and effective development of the business process integration using a single repository of data. The addition of the cloud technology had enabled the knowledge-based operations and remote access for accessing and developing the innovative work alignment. 

The ERP cloud computing management had included the formation of the remote access for all scales of the business management. The analysis had compiled the integration of the journals and literature for aligning the reporting the research processes. The remote access had helped the organisation for aligning the formation of the innovative alignment management. The utilised integration of ERP and Cloud had formed the integration and alignment of the database and integrating implied management. The last sections of the report had provided the recommendations and future potential of the ERP systems in the cloud for various business organisations.

11. References

  • Ahmad, T., Ahmad, S. and Jamshed, M., 2015, October. A knowledge based Indian agriculture: With cloud ERP arrangement. In Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT), 2015 International Conference on (pp. 333-340). IEEE.
  • Ai-Min, D.E.N.G., Hong, L.I. and Hao, T.I.A.N., 2016. Based on the Cloud ERP and TDABC for the SMEs’ Logistics Cost Accounting. DEStech Transactions on Engineering and Technology Research, (sste).
  • AL-MA’AITAH, M.A., 2017. THE DRIVERS OF ERP CLOUD COMPUTING FROM AN INSTITUTIONAL PRESPECTIVE. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology95(19).
  • AL-Shboul, M.D.A., 2018. Towards better understanding of determinants logistical factors in SMEs for cloud ERP adoption in developing economies. Business Process Management Journal.
  • Beaulieu, T., Martin, T.C., Sarker, S. and Bjørn-Andersen, N., 2015. Confronting, Confirming, and Dispelling Myths Surrounding ERP-in-the-Cloud. AIS Transactions on Enterprise Systems3(1).
  • Cheng, K.T. and Lin, Y.L., 2018. Explore the Manager Attitude of Adopting the Cloud ERP from the New Constructs with Support Theory.
  • Gupta, S., Misra, S.C., Singh, A., Kumar, V. and Kumar, U., 2017. Identification of challenges and their ranking in the implementation of cloud ERP: A comparative study for SMEs and large organizations. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management34(7), pp.1056-1072.
  • Jalil, D. and Bakar, M.S.A., 2017. Adapting Software Factory Approach into Cloud ERP Production Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security15(1), p.221.
  • Khazaeli, M., Javadpour, L. and Knapp, G.M., 2015, January. ERP adoption in enterprises with emerging Big Data. In IIE Annual Conference. Proceedings (p. 1664). Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE).
  • Lee, M.J., Wong, W.Y. and Hoo, M.H., 2017, December. Next era of enterprise resource planning system review on traditional on-premise ERP versus cloud-based ERP: Factors influence decision on migration to cloud-based ERP for Malaysian SMEs/SMIs. In Systems, Process and Control (ICSPC), 2017 IEEE Conference on (pp. 48-53). IEEE.
  • López, C. and Ishizaka, A., 2017. GAHPSort: A new group multi-criteria decision method for sorting a large number of the cloud-based ERP solutions. Computers in Industry92, pp.12-24.
  • Nowak, D. and Kurbel, K., 2016, November. Understanding the Flexibility of Cloud ERP Software. In International Conference on Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (pp. 135-146). Springer, Cham.
  • Nowak, D. and Kurbel, K., 2016, November. Understanding the Flexibility of Cloud ERP Software. In International Conference on Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (pp. 135-146). Springer, Cham.
  • Popa, S. and Vaida, M.F., 2016, September. A practical abstraction of ERP to cloud integration complexity: The easy way. In RoEduNet Conference: Networking in Education and Research, 2016 15th (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
  • Reffad, H., Alti, A. and Roose, P., 2016, November. Cloud-based semantic platform for dynamic management of context-aware mobile ERP applications. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Management of Digital EcoSystems (pp. 181-188). ACM.
  • Saa, P., Moscoso-Zea, O., Costales, A.C. and Luján-Mora, S., 2017, June. Data security issues in cloud-based Software-as-a-Service ERP. In Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI), 2017 12th Iberian Conference on (pp. 1-7). IEEE.
  • Schunselaar, D., Reijers, H.A., Overeem, M., de Graaf, M., Jansen, S. and Brinkkemper, S., 2017, November. NEXT: Generating Tailored ERP Applications from Ontological Enterprise Models. In The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 10th IFIP WG 8.1. Working Conference, PoEM 2017, Leuven, Belgium, November 22-24, 2017, Proceedings (Vol. 305, p. 283). Springer.
  • Seethamraju, R., 2015. Adoption of software as a service (SaaS) enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Information systems frontiers17(3), pp.475-492.

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