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A Step-by-step Guide to Write Chapters of Dissertation

Write like it matters and it will…….


 If you fail to plan, you plan to fail this fact goes true when it comes to dissertation writing. Experts are of the view that good dissertation writing begins with a great draft. So, prior to setting out every chapter and section, an effective outline needs to be drawn that can reflect all the possible logical details sequentially. Each chapter of your paper has a central idea that introduces readers to the background and they begin to expect conclusions and ideas lying underneath.

How to Decide on Your Dissertation Structure?

Not all dissertations are structured in the same way. The final form that your research takes depends on your individual approach and the stream for which you are writing it. For instance, dissertations for humanities are structured in a long-essay like form and an argument is build to support the central theme. The chapters in this particular case should be organized around different types of themes.

Contrary to this, if it is a research work of social science, the discussion and the results would be interwoven rather than separated. You can take help of supervisor for framing out the structure of work.

In-depth Knowledge of the Subject:

Dissertation writing is a complex academic assignment and to be better organized for it you need to have a thorough and in-depth understanding of the subject. Do you wonder how to write chapters systematically and effectively to make the entire paper appear a wonderful written work? Let us help you! Here we began with chapter classification.

  • Introduction
  • Literature evaluation
  • Materials and methodologies
  • Discussions and results
  • Closing or conclusion (future considerations)

First Chapter:

Beginning with an Introduction or the First Chapter:

It is the most crucial dissertation chapter as it is the first impression and the first impression matters. Here, you need to introduce readers to the topic, give them an idea about what to come next in an interesting manner. It is a nutshell or a summary of the entire paper which prepares the readers. It gives a quick view about the topic of research and the objectives of your research work.

As a rule of thumb, your dissertation introduction should be aimed towards doing the following:

  • Furnishing the preliminary background information in context of your research.
  • It clarifies objectives of the paper.
  • It also specifies the value of research.

Here you need to provide well-researched background information. The rest depends on you as a writer. Your introduction should have sub-sections with suitable headings and subheadings. It should be able to highlight the key references which you plan to use. So, it is good to write this most important and influential chapter at the end.

Second Chapter:

Writing a Literature Review:

The second chapter is another most crucial part of dissertation and this is the reason why you need a good skill-set to complete it. This chapter should include a clear-cut analysis of the content available in the paper. The chapter demonstrates your abilities and your knowledge about a specific field.

It is just a critical assessment of the sources or literature pieces that you have worked on. You can then identify the gap in that literature and then you can state how your research work is focused in attempting that gap. People do have misunderstandings and they are confused between review-entails and dissertation literature. In certain cases dissertation review can be a just a simple summary of the gathered sources but it is good to critically engage the readers with your text before conveying opinions. This chapter engages and hence it is to be written in an effective way.

Third Chapter:

Materials and methodologies

In this particular chapter you explain the readers about the methodologies you have used to gather the required data. This chapter is a core of the entire project and hence a great care needs to be taken to write this chapter. Even small loopholes or errors can invalidate your hard-work and ruin your grades so be very careful. This particular chapter is scrutinized critically by the professors. You need to begin this part with explicit and clear-cut explanations of methodologies. You have used to solve the problem and then describe the basic components. You need to talk elaborately about the methods adopted by you and explain why you have chosen those methods for your research work. The chapter should be able to provide your readers a complete insight.

Fourth Chapter:

Discussions and Results:

It is the main portion of your dissertation which comprises of the following:

  • Final results and outcome of your research
  • A Thorough analysis.
  • A prelude to conclusion

In the chapter you need to keep things simple and lucid. This is a research finding and can incorporate anything right from the experimental results, data from the archives to answers of the questions and other important information. The chapter needs a good amount of formatting. So, arrange this chapter into tables and figures and then divide the main body into sections and subsections. You should be aimed towards maintaining an interesting structure of this chapter so that readers do not lose their interest. It needs to be logical, cumulative and simple. The facts that you base your entire research work on should be simple and clear.

Fifth Chapter:

Conclusion or closing the paper:

This is the end and the final part and hence all the loose ends are tied up here. This part tells the readers how you have dealt with each part of the dissertation process. You need to give a precise overview of your study and formulate your findings. Just keep in mind that this is like the last impression and a crucial one also for getting judged about your work so make it truly impressive.

Other Chapters:

There are some other sections. Your academic project also needs to include these too.

  • Bibliography list (alphabetical listing of the sources used)
  • Abstract or informative summary
  • Acknowledgments (a word of gratitude)
  • Table of content
  • List of tables and figures
  • Title page
  • Appendices
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Glossary


This is an alphabetical listing of all the sources which are used for writing dissertation work. This is just a glimpse and hence needs to be short and simple. It is an acknowledgement of the sources that you have used for carrying out the research work. Cite all the sources in a correct formatting style as per the requirement of your professor.


It is just a short, crisp and informative summary which explains a problem in brief. It enlists important findings, conclusions and highlights your main argument. Though there is no word-limit for writing an abstract. You can write about 300 words and end this list with keywords.

Title Page:

This is for rendering basic information about the project. It includes the following:

  • Your full name.
  • Title of your dissertation, the place where you carried it out and the publication date.
  • Your supervisor, your department, your university etc.


This particular chapter is a matter of choice but it is good to write it for making your research work more presentable. Here, writer has an opportunity to express a word of gratitude towards all those who have been helpful in carrying out the project. Your companions and professors can be thanked here.

Table of Contents:

This particular section gives you an opportunity to make sure that all your references are correct and words and headlines are appropriate. This portion contains chapters of the dissertation, page numbers and other sections.

List of Tables and Figures:

Table should be kept simple and focused on a single aspect and the number should not confuse or overwhelm the readers. It should not be confusing and if you think that it has a lot of data which is difficult to interpret, you can divide them into smaller and more meaningful portions. You can use them to highlight contrasts and similarities. They provide readers additional facts to understand writers’ point

Abbreviations List:

If you think you have used a lot of abbreviations in the dissertation, you can include an alphabetical list of abbreviations for a clear understanding of readers.


If your research work has a lot of specialized stuff that a reader is not familiar with, it is good to include glossary. You need to list the terms alphabetically and explain the meaning of each term.

Proofreading Your Work:

Finally, check out that all the sections are at the right place. It is the first step of research work. You need to leave adequate time for proofreading and editing. So, after completing your paper take out adequate amount of time to proofread your work. Avoid inconsistencies and typos.

So, write your chapters with ease and save a lot of time!! We are here to hear your queries and would be glad to assist you.

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