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Results Section in a dissertation mainly showcases the findings of your research. It is the part where you mention your findings and finely observes how they connect with your hypothesis or research questions. In this section, you need to present all the collected data in front of the audience in a simpler form. The data includes quantitative data, qualitative data, and various measurements taken.

Your results section will be in the form of a short presentation which only provides direct information to the audience, and highlights' the results of the statistical analysis made by you. This presentation should be straightforward without any extra clarifications. The in-depth view gets to come under the methodology and discussion section. 

When do you write a Results Section?

Each research methodology is different. Your results will differ based on the research methodology used. Dissertation, which is based on the collection of data and experimental research, such a dissertation needs a results section. It is smart to represent your research results first instead, discussing its meaning. This helps the readers to get a clear picture of what you exactly found. Make sure to include relevant information relating to your research questions & problems.

What to include in a Results Section?

The crucial thing to keep in mind is to avoid including too much data in the form of statistics and numbers. It will surely overwhelm the readers. Opt for information which relates to the question raised in your research. Both types of data are to be presented in the results section: one which supports your views and the other, which is contradictory. To save time, make a list of ideas which you would like to bring forth and only use data that is linked with those ideas.

The length of a results section depends on the amount of data collected by you, and it should be written in the past tense. If you are not sure to include certain results, always look back towards your research questions, and then decide whether the results are relevant or not. The crucial thing here is that the results should be relevant.

 Include relevant figures, tables, text, or graphs to present your results section professionally. You get to use various methods of presentations. A single table that is well-illustrated, usually does the work. Every table & figure should be marked with a number and a title. If there are more tables, then it is advisable to mention them in the table of content at the beginning of the dissertation

Results Section of Quantitative Research

As we know that there are two types of research, one is quantitative and the other qualitative. Depending on the type, your Results section will also vary. Quantitative research is like data that you collect in numbers. For example, "Different surveys." A simple way to mention your results is to set them around your hypothesis or research questions that you articulated.

When you start with your presentation, include details on how you analyzed things. If you also calculated reliability & validity, then consider adding them too. The entire thing is to keep a check on each result, whether it is relevant in terms of your hypothesis or not.  Do not theorize data like ongoing trends, relationships among the data, or various differences. It has to be done with either the discussion section or the conclusion section. It's ok to have results irrelevant to your hypothesis or research questions, as these can be included in the appendix. But, it should at least reflect the information of how you gathered the data.

Tables and figures in Quantitative Results

It is beneficial to include various accurate visuals like tables, charts, graphs, and figures in your results. These help the story which you try to build. Don't forget to refer to the visuals in the text and avoid repeating information. These tables & figures help by demonstrating clear pictures of various aspects. Mark your figures and tables with proper labels and titles so that readers can easily get what you are trying to show.

The first thing is to recall the basics of your research. It is essential while preparing quantitative results. Brush up whatever you have assessed and the other main variables. The next step is to check whether your variables were continuous or categorical. There is a difference between both. With a continuous variable, the final scores have a wide range, and with a categorical variable, there is a fixed number of possible values.

Results Section of Qualitative Research

The qualitative results section is more of a thesis-based section. It is a bit different from quantitative results. If the results directly don't relate to your hypothesis or questions, so you can structure the result around topics or key themes that appeared from analyzed data.

For every theme, make observations on what that data showed. For example, you may mention individual responses, trends & patterns, and repeated points of agreement or disagreement, which are significant for research. Data like interviews will add on to the validity of your research and will make it more powerful. Though this point is not necessary, and if there is already enough data for your results, then you can add the interview information in an appendix.

Insights- Results Section in Dissertation

Dissertations need a lot of research, and it's up to you, which approach you choose for your dissertations. There are both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The main part is to prepare a results section for your dissertation. It is all about analyzing your data that whether they fit as per your hypothesis or research questions.

When you start writing quantitative results, so before you mention any analyses, which, according to you aimed your hypothesis, it is crucial to report frequencies statistics or descriptive statistics. The purpose of these statistics is to summarize data. It can be done by focusing on a whole sample or by focusing on just specific groups. In order to report these statistics, you have to outline all variables which have been used in your research. There are two types of variables: Continuous and Categorical. For categorical variables, frequencies statistics is used, and for continuous variables, it is descriptive statistics. You have to create a table in both the cases and also comment upon the statistics.

Go through questioners thoroughly and then prepare your results section. You will find various research outcomes. The results should be relevant to your hypothesis or research questions. Through your results section, the readers should be able to easily understand your ideas, which you want to depict through your dissertation.

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